Obediance- social influence

  • Created by: wistuart
  • Created on: 05-03-18 09:45
What are the exlplainaions of obedience?
Agentic state, legitamacy of authority, situational variables.
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Milgrams study
all participants went to 300 volts and 65% were willing to go all the way to 450 volts. Milgram did more than one experiment – he carried out 18 variations of his study.
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evaluation of Milgram
•A limitation is that this study lacked ecological validity as it was carried out in a lab under artificial conditions.Milgram only used males Milgram’s work gives an insight into why people under the Nazi reign were willing to kill Jews
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Agentic state
people will obey authority if they beleive the authority will take the responsiblity of the consequeces of the actions.
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evaluation of agentic state
example of the agenetic state involved a variation of Milgram's study whereby participants could instruct an assistant (confederate) to press the switches. In this condition 92.5% shocked to the maximum 450 volts. This shows when there is less person
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legitamacy of authority
People tend to obey others if they recognise their authority as morally right and/or legitmate.
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Evaluation of legitamacy of authority
With regard to Milgram' study the experimenter is seen as having legitimate authority as he has scientific status.
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sit variables-uniform-applied to milgram
wore a laboratory coat which gave him a high status. But when the experimenter dressed in everyday clothes obedience was very low.
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sit variables-location-applied to milgram
Milgram's obedience experiment was conducted at Yale.When Milgram moved his experiment to a set of run down offices obediance dropped.
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sit variables-proximity -applied to milgram
People are more likely be obey an authority figure who is in close proximity.When the experimenter instructed and prompted the teacher by telephone from another room, obedience fell
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Authoritarian personality
He proposed that there was such a thing as an authoritarian personality, i.e. a person who favours an authoritarian social system and in particular admires obedience to authority figures.
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Card 2

Front

Milgrams study

Back

all participants went to 300 volts and 65% were willing to go all the way to 450 volts. Milgram did more than one experiment – he carried out 18 variations of his study.

Card 3

Front

evaluation of Milgram

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Agentic state

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

evaluation of agentic state

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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