Nursing the person with deteriorating health

The main purpose of the primary survey is:
To identify and manage those conditions which are immediately life threatening
1 of 25
What is the maximum amount of oxygen a non re-breathe oxygen mask will deliver?
More than 60%
2 of 25
What is the maximum amount of oxygen a simple face mask will deliver?
3 of 25
What is the maximum oxygen flow rate for a nasal canulla
4 of 25
Cushing’s Triad is defined as?
Decreased respiration's, decreases pulse rate and raised systolic blood pressure and widening pulse pressure
5 of 25
Shock can best be described as:
Inadequate tissue perfusion
6 of 25
You are responding to a call for help and you find a 68 year old man who is lying in bed, unresponsive, with no evidence of trauma. What is the best way to open this patient’s airway?
Perform a head tilt-chin lift
7 of 25
One of the recognised features of hypovolemic shock is:
8 of 25
A patient with a chronic respiratory condition has a respiratory rate 28 of breaths a minute. His PO2 is below 8 kPa and the PCO2 is above 6.5 kPa. His C02 level is continuing to rise. What is the most appropriate therapy for this patient?
Non invasive positive pressure ventilation using a face mask
9 of 25
Name the three (3) anatomical layers of brain from the inner most layer to the outer most layer
Pia mater, Arachnoid mater, Dura mater
10 of 25
What is the recommended treatment for someone with type 1 respiratory failure?
Oxygen therapy
11 of 25
What is meant by the term hypercapnia
An elevated PaCO2
12 of 25
A patient suffering from shock may present with:
Vasodilatation and a low blood pressure
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How should a collapsed patient be managed by a health care professional?
Check for safety, Shake and shout, call for help, open the airway, check breathing and circulation, perform chest compressions.
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What causes a pneumothorax?
An accumulation of air in the plural space
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What causes a heamothorax?
An accumulation of blood in the plural space
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What drugs may be given for secondary prevention of MI?
Aspirin and beta blockers
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Myocardial infarction is defined as
Myocardial ischemia and necrosis
18 of 25
How is cardiac output calculated?
SV x HR = CO
19 of 25
Calculate the MAP for a BP of 130/70.
20 of 25
what is recorded in the Glasgow Coma Scale?
Motor response, Verbal response and eye movement
21 of 25
During shock cells produce energy by which method?
Anaerobic metabolism
22 of 25
A low urinary output may indicate..?
The hypovolemic phase of acute renal failure
23 of 25
What is the calculation for minimum urine output if the paitent weights 90kg?
24 of 25
22) If you have an unresponsive patient, on cardiac monitor which shows sinus bradycardia, however they have no respirations and no palpable pulse, what rhythm are they in?
Pulseless electrical activity
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


What is the maximum amount of oxygen a non re-breathe oxygen mask will deliver?


More than 60%

Card 3


What is the maximum amount of oxygen a simple face mask will deliver?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What is the maximum oxygen flow rate for a nasal canulla


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Cushing’s Triad is defined as?


Preview of the front of card 5
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