natural law

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What are the 5 primary precepts?
1. Preservation of life, 2. Reproduction, 3.To learn/ educate, 4. Living peacefully in a society, 5. To worship God.
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What are the secondary precepts?
dependent on our own judgement of what to do in a given situation.
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what is the doctrine of double effect?
where there are moral dilemmas which cannot be solved without creating a consequence of one person/thing.
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who developed Aristotle's idea for the Natural law?
Thomas Aquinas
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What is the Definition for natural law?
'right reason in accordance with human nature?' - to consider what is the best thing for human flourishing.
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what did Thomas Aquinas believe about God?
As God created the world with a purpose in mind, everything has a final cause with the ultimate purpose as the final cause.
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what is apparent good?
a good action with a bad consequence
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What is a real good?
moving towards perfection using resoning
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What is an interior act?
the intention and thoughts of an act.
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What is an exterior act
the physical act.
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What is the 'right use of reason'?
when the interior act and exterior act are both correct and aiming towards perfection/ good.
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what did Aquinas believe was the most fundamental inclination?
to achieve good and avoid evil
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what are the strengths of natural law?
It has a clear cut approach to morality, It is common in all cultures e.g. to preserve life, It doesn't dictate what to do in individual situations, It concentrates on human flourishing and not the rightness or wrongness of particular acts
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What are the weaknesses of natural law?
It can be difficult to relate to complex decisions, it depends on defining what is good and so different people can judge it differently, It relies too much on reason as human nature is too corrupt to be trusted, It can be too simple.
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What are Aquinas' 4 laws?
Eternal law , Divine law, Natural law, Human law.
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what is Eternal law?
The laws of the universe made by God, he is the only one who knows them fully
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what is Human law?
The legal system, rules and regulation
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What is the Divine law?
The Bible, reflecting Eternal law.
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What is Natural law?
The moral law of God ( how we should behave) inbuilt into human nature.
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What are the laws of nature?
Universal laws of science from analysing the physical world.
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Which laws are Descriptive laws?
Laws of Nature as they are factual
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What type of law is prescriptive?
Natural laws as they are laws that recommend a certain way to live.
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Card 2

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What are the secondary precepts?

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dependent on our own judgement of what to do in a given situation.

Card 3

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what is the doctrine of double effect?

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Card 4

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who developed Aristotle's idea for the Natural law?

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Card 5

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What is the Definition for natural law?

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