Nato, 1949

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What treaty was signed in 1947 between Britain and France and what did it state?
The Dunkirk Treaty which promised mutual assistance on the event of a German attack.
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What treaty was signed in 1948 between Britain, France and the Benelux countries and what did it state?
The Treaty of Brussels, a further 50 year collective defence treaty
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Why was NATO set up?
The US felt the need to strengthen Europe against the Soviet Union
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What does NATO stand for?
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
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Why did the US and Britain support NATO?
They were concerned by the communist victory in China and Russia exploding its own atomic bomb in the saem year - 1949
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How many countries originally joined NATO and how was it different from normal US foreign policy?
13, it was the first peacetime military alliance in US history
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How did the US see joining NATO?
As a propaganda weapon and a 'nuclear umbrella' for Europe, Truman told US public that large numbers of soldiers wouldn't be sent to Europe
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How did Europe see the US joining NATO?
A commitment by the US to protect the security of Western Europe - this became true as the US stationed soldiers in bases throughout Europe
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How did the Soviets react to NATO?
It confirmed their belief they were being encircled by the Americans and their Allies, and saw it as inconsistent with the West's support of the United Nations
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What was Stalin's opinion on NATO?
He denounced the Treaty as an offensive measure against the USSR
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How did the Soviets retaliate to NATO?
They created the Warsaw Pact in 1955 which was a security alliance
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What instigated the Warsaw Pact in 1955?
The admission of West Germany into NATO
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What did the 1952 General Treaty do?
Formally ended the occupation and recognised the Federal Republic as a sovereign a state
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What were the consequences of the 1952 General Treaty?
West Germany was allowed it own army - but they voluntarily renounced nuclear weapons and kept their Bundeswehr small so not to antagonise the French
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Card 2

Front

What treaty was signed in 1948 between Britain, France and the Benelux countries and what did it state?

Back

The Treaty of Brussels, a further 50 year collective defence treaty

Card 3

Front

Why was NATO set up?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does NATO stand for?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why did the US and Britain support NATO?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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