N3 Music Concepts

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Ascending
Music rises in pitch
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Descending
Music falls in pitch
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Stepwise
Music which moves from note to adjacent note
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Leaping
Music jumps from high to low notes
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Repetition
Music which repeats
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Sequence
A pattern of notes which repeats at a higher or lower pitch
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Question & Answer
Music dialogue between different instruments or voices
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Improvisation
Making up music on the spot. Common in jazz
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Pause
Where the music comes to a standstill, either by holding a note/chord or by an extended period of silence
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Accented
Notes which are slightly louder than the rest
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Simple Time
Beats which can be divided into 2:1 and 2 and
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On the beat
Music which has a strong pulse on beat 1
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Off the beat
Syncopated music, accents on the weaker beats
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Drum Fill
A variation in the repetitive/ostinato groove on drum kit.
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March
Scottish dance (andante pace) 2 or 4 beats in bar
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Reel
Scottish dance, allegro pace
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Waltz
Scottish dance. 3 beats In a bar
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Unison
All performers play same notes at same time
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Octave
A leap of 8 notes
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Harmony
Different notes being performed together
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Chord
2 or more notes being played
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Solo
One person performing
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Ensemble
Group of performers
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Ostinato
A repetitive pattern of notes
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Riff
Ostinato but usually on guitars
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Round
Vocal music built in layers where performers sing the same music but start one after another
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Accompanied
Music which has a supporting part
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Unaccompanied
Music performed without any other supporting instruments
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Crescendo
Getting louder in volume
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Diminuendo
Getting softer in volume
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Piano
Soft
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Forte
Loud
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Staccato
Short, detached notes
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Legato
Smooth Notes
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Scottish Dance Band
'social dancing' melody often played on accordion or fiddle
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Folk Group
Group performing on mainly acoustic instruments
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Steel Band
Percussion instruments from the west Indies which are steel pans tuned to different notes
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Choir
Group of singers
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Jazz
20th century American style, often featuring syncopation, improvisation and may have **** singing.
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Blues
20th Century American style, slow tempo, may feature improvisation, electric gutter and vocals. Lyrics are often sad
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musical
Drama songs, dancing and often dialogue.
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Rock
20th century popular music. Makes use of electric guitars, bass guitars, drum kit and vocals. Has a heavy driven beat with focus on guitars. Riffs and drum fills feature
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Rock n Roll
mid-20th century popular music. uses electric guitar. You may hear 12 bar blues structure and walking bass.
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Pop
makes use of electric instruments including synthesiser and electric drum kit
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Scottish
Traditional music of Scotland. May feature accordion, fiddle, bagpipes or clarsach
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Latin American
Traditional music of South America. Much use of untuned percussion instruments. With repetitive, syncopated rhythm
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Music falls in pitch

Back

Descending

Card 3

Front

Music which moves from note to adjacent note

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Music jumps from high to low notes

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Music which repeats

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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