MUSIC KEYWORDS

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  • Created by: AmyLouu
  • Created on: 01-05-15 12:53
S A T B
The four voices used in a choir - Soprano, Alto, Tenor and Bass.
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ORATORIO
A religious piece like an opera but not acted on stage.
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IMITATION
Where one part copies another.
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PLAGAL CADENCE
A section which ends with the chords 4 and 1.
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BASSO CONTINUO
The cello and organ in Baroque times.
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HEMIOLA
Giving the piece a feel of having 2 beats rather than 3.
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SEQUENCE
A pattern moving up or down.
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OSTINATO
A constantly repeated pattern.
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HOMOPHONIC
A tune with an accompaniment.
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IMITATIVE
When the melodies copy one another.
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SYMPHONY
A piece for an orchestra in 4 movements.
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RUBATO
Playing about with the speed of the piece, either slowing it down or speeding it up.
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CANTABLE
The melody is played so that it sings out on the piano and uses a smooth sound.
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SUSTUENTO
Slow and sustained.
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SYNCOPATION
Putting the emphasis on usually weak beats in a piece of music.
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ACCIACCATURA
A crushed note.
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ENHARMONIC CHANGE
The same note but with a different name.
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SMORZANDO
Dying away.
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PIANISSIMO
Very quiet.
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PEDAL NOTE
A repeated note.
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SEHR RASCH
Very fast.
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KLANGFARBENMELODIE
The tune is passed around the orchestra between instruments.
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HEXACHORD
A chord with 6 notes.
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ATONAL
No key.
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FRAGMENTED
Broken up.
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METAMORPHOSIS
A basic change in form.
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RESULTANT MELODY
A melody made up from notes being played in different instrument parts.
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METRICAL DISPLACEMENT
Playing the same thing at a different time, sounds out of sync.
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POLYMETRE
A combination of different time signatures.
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TRITONE
An interval of a sharpened 4th.
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SYLLABIC
One melody note per syllable.
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OCTAVE DISPLACEMENT
Moving notes from the melody into different octaves.
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TREMOLO
Very quick notes, giving a shaking effect.
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HARMONICS
Very high notes.
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PIZZICATO
Plucking strings.
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FRONTLINE INSTRUMENTS
The instruments that play the melody lines.
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RHYTHMIC SECTION
The instruments that play the background beats and bass.
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HEAD
The meloy, and in ALL BLUES is followed by a riff.
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RIFF
A repeated pattern.
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BACKBEATS
Accenting the beats which are not usually accented (MOBY 2 AND 4)
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SUB-BASS
A very low bass ('thumping rumble')
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BREAKDOWN
A bar of silence.
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PANNING
Spreading the sound into a new stereo or speaker.
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ECHO
A sound repeacted after it has been heard.
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EQ
Changes the frequency of the sound.
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REVERB
Amplifying a sound, making it sound like it was recorded in an echoey space.
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CROSS RHYTHMS
Two different rhythms being played at the same time, the rhythms usually have different time signatures.
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FLANGING
Sweeping effect produced through slight delay to copied to copied sound.
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DISTORTION
Making the sound more rough and harsh.
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WORD PAINTING
When the word mirrors the musical effect being put on the music.
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FALSETTO
Notes higher than the normal male range.
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SEQUENCE
When a melody is repeated a tone higher than it was previously.
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TALA
A rhythmic pattern in Indian music.
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RAGA
The scale or mode used in an Indian rag.
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ALAP
The first section of a raga where there is no fixed beat - it is also improvised.
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DRONE
The repeated notes played on the TAMBURA or SHRUTI BOX.
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RASA
The mood of the notes in the raga.
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MEEND
Sliding between notes WHEN SINGING.
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GAT
The pre-composed instrumental section.
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TAN
When fast scalic patterns are used.
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POLYRHYTHMIC
Different rhythms played together (STEVE REICH).
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HETEROPHONIC
A type of texture where a more complicated part is added on top of one another.
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UNISON
Singing or playing together.
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CALL AND RESPONSE.
When a leader plays and the rest of the group repeats.
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PENTATONIC SCALE
Scale using 5 notes.
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VOCABLES
Nonsense syllables.
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DIATONIC
Using notes in the key.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A religious piece like an opera but not acted on stage.

Back

ORATORIO

Card 3

Front

Where one part copies another.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A section which ends with the chords 4 and 1.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The cello and organ in Baroque times.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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