Music Keywords

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  • Created by: Mil_xo
  • Created on: 22-04-17 11:36
Accent
A sightly louder/emphasised note
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Accompaniment
plays under the tune
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accompany
playing/singing with other people
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acoustic
non electronic means of making music
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Aerophones
blowing instruments e.g flute, pipes
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Alap
First section of Raga - slow, no pulse
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Allegro
lively tempo
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alto
low female voice
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Aria
solo song
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Arpeggio
broken chord
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ascending patterns
tune that goes up
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Atonal
no key
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Augmentation
doubling the length of the note values
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Balafon
African xylophone
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Basso Continou
continuous bass line that provides an underlying structure for the harmonies
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Binary Form
musical form - use of two unit which are designed to compliment and balance each other (A+B)
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BPM
Beats per minutes
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Cadence
chords/notes that end a piece
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call and response
musical statement, in which somebody replies by other means ie instrument or other singers
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cantabile
a singing style
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chordophones
stringed instruments
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Chromatic
harmony/melody that uses 12 semi-tones in an octave
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coda
end section to a piece of music
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comping
syncopated chording providing improvised accompaniment
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comping
syncopated chordal accompaniment in Jazz/Blues
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consonant
notes that sound good together
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countermelody
melody that is over the top of another melody
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counterpoint
many sounds of two or more melodies
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cresendo
a musical line becoming louder
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cross-rhythms
the effect heard when two conflicting rhythms are played together
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decending patterns
tune that goes down
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delay
making a sound repeat and die away
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Diminuendo
getting quieter
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diminution
halving the length of the notes values
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dissonance
clashing sound between notes
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dissonat
clashing notes played together
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distortion
electronically distorting the sound
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Djembe
an African single skinned drum
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dominant
5th note in a scale
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drone
long, sustained note in the bass part
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drum loop
use of a drum machine to repeat or loop a drum beat
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duration
notes placed together to produce different rhythms
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dynamics
how loud or soft the music is
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enharmonic equivalent
equivalent sharp notes as a flat
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EQ
Electronically making the bass sound or treble sound louder or softer
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Fixed Composition
the main tune/melody of one raga, normally introduced in the Gat or Bandish section
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forte
Loud
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Fusion
combining of two/more music styles or genres
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Gat
4th section of a raga, fast - Tabla is introduced - fixed composition or tune
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Glissando
sliding between notes - hits the notes in between
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harpschord
A plucked keyboard instrument - Baroque period
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head
the main tune - blue/jazz pieces
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heterophonic
music which is two or more versions or variations of the same melody - they are performed simultaneously
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hexachord
a chord with 6 notes
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homophonic
many melodies, but one rhythm played together
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idiophones
instruments that are solid
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imitations
coping the tune/melody
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Improvisation
music that is made up on the spot
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Inversion
turning a melody upsidedown
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Jhalla
3rd section of the Raga - very fast and has a pulse, no tabla
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Jhor
2nd section of raga which is slightly faster, has a pulse
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Klangfarbenmelodies
when the melodies are past around lots of different instruments
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largo
slow
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layering
part/tunes placed over one another - minimalist
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Lead drummer
leader of african drumming - leads call and response
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legato
long and smooth notes
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libretto
words of a musical or opera
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lilting
singing with a light, graceful rhythm
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loop
electronically repeating of a short tune/rhythm
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Major
sounds that are happy
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Matras
individual beats in a rhythmic cycles
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meend/mind
sliding between two notes - Indian music
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Melismatic
singing a word over many notes q
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melodic
tune/tuneful
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membranophones
instruments with a skin - drums
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metamorphosis
a tune grows slowly throughout a piece of music - minialist
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Minor
sound that is sad
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Moderato
medium tempo
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Modulation
the changing of key/tonality
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monophonic
single melody line/tune played by many people
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motif
short musical idea
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muted
to quieten the sound of an intrument
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nonsense syllables
made up syllables or words in a folk/jazz piece - adds rhythmic effect
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note Addition
adding notes - minimalist tune
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Notes subtraction
Subtracting notes -minimalist tune
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Oral Tradition
music passed through generation - never written down, African
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Oritorio
Religious Opera
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Ostinato
a musical phrase, repeated
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outro
ending sections of a piece
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overdub
new tracks being adding whilst the other one is still playing
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Pedal note
a long sustained note - played by bass part
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pentatonic
music that only has 5 scales - african
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perfect cadence
the chordal progression of dominant to tonic
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Phasing
parts in a minimalist piece go out of time with one another
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pianissimo
very soft/quiet
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Piano
soft/quiet
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pitch
high and lowness in music
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Pizzicato
plucked notes on a string instruments
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plagal cadence
sounds like 'Amen' normally used at the end of church music
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Polyphonic
many melody lines/tunes played by many people
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polyrhythms
more than one rhythm played at the same time
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power chord
loud chord consisting of the only root note of the chord and the fifth
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prelude
short musical piece played as an introduction to a larger piece of music
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Presto
very fast tempo
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Prime Row/series
12 notes of the chromatic scale
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pulse
regular/irregular beat in the music
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Raga
peice of indian classical music
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Raga
Indian scale or set of notes that represents a mood, times of day/occasion
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rasa
mood created by the sound of the pitches in a raga
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Retrograde
playing the melody backwards
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retrograde inversion
playing melody backwards the upside down
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reverb
electronically making the instruments or voice sound like it is in a large room
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Riff
Short tune in jazz/popular music
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Rondo form
structure takes the form of A B A C A
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Rubato
performing changing the tempo
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Sam
first beat of the TALA or Indian rhythmic cycle
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Sampler
machine that digitally records a live sound and plays it back
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SATB
soprano, alto, tenor, bass
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scalic passages
a tune that moves up or down by step
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sequence
several repetitions of a melodic phrase in different pitches
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sFrorzando
sharp accent
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silence
rests that are put into the music
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Sitar
Indian instrument that plays melody
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Solo
one instrument playing or a voice singing a tune
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sonata form
structure- Introduction, exposition (A), Development (B) and recapitulation (A) with a coda
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Soprano
high female voice
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staccato
playing the notes short
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structure
way different section a placed one after another
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sustained
held note
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sympyhony
large piece for orchestra with 4 movements
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syncopation
not on the beat
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Tabla
pair of Indian drums
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Tala
Indian rhythmic cycle
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Talking drum/donno
two skinned drums used to communicate between tribes
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tambura
bass sitar with a drone
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tan
the rapid scalic flourishes on the sitar or sarod or saranngi
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tintal
the most common 16 beat Tala
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Tempo
the speed at which a composition is to be played
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Tenor
high male voice
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Ternary form
A B A
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texture
combining melodic and harmonic elements
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timbre
quality of a musical tone
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Tone language
pitch used to determine the meaning of words
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Tonic
First note in a scale
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Tremolo
moving backwards and forwards on string instruments with the bow
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Trill
an ornament where the written note is alternated with the note above
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vibrato
slight vibrating of a note
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virtuoso
skilful musician
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Vocables
sound effects made by the voice
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Accompaniment

Back

plays under the tune

Card 3

Front

accompany

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

acoustic

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Aerophones

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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