Microphones & Polar Patterns

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Cardioid
has the most sensitivity at the front, least sensitive at the back. It isolates from unwanted ambient sound. Much more resistant to feedback. Suitable for loud stages.
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Supercardioid
offer a narrower pickup than cardioids and greater rejection of ambient sounds. Have some pickup directly at the rear. Most suitable when single sound sources need to be picked up in loud environments. Most resistant to feedback.
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Omnidirectional
has equal output or sensitivity at all angles, picks up sound from all directions. Not be aimed in a certain direction. Disadvantage - cannot be aimed away from undesired source, such as PA speakers, as it may cause feedback.
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Bidirectional
(figure of eight) pattern that picks up the sound from the front of the microphone and from the rear but not the side. Typically ribbon or Large Diaphragm Microphone.
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Dynamic
versatile and ideal for general-purpose use. Simple design with few moving parts. Resilient to rough handling, better for live sound e.g. gigs. Better suited to handling high volume levels, amps and musical instruments. Recording drums & guitars.
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Condenser
fragile and more sensitive to sound, picks up higher pitched and more detailed sounds but cannot withstand high sounds. Good at picking up really quiet sounds. Require power from a battery or external source. Voice & acoustic guitar.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Supercardioid

Back

offer a narrower pickup than cardioids and greater rejection of ambient sounds. Have some pickup directly at the rear. Most suitable when single sound sources need to be picked up in loud environments. Most resistant to feedback.

Card 3

Front

Omnidirectional

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Bidirectional

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Dynamic

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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