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Meta-ethics: Intuitionism…read more

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What is intuitionism?
An absolute theory that states that moral norms have an
independent existence outside of human experience.
Morality is intuition and therefore we can't define good or
bad. We simply know.
It teaches three main things:
There are real truths that exist independently of human
They cannot be broken down or defined unless in
reference to other moral truths
Human beings can discover these truths by using their
minds in a particular way, through using intuition…read more

Slide 3

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Intuitionism - G.E. Moore Principa Ethica
Good is simple and analysable
Adapted Utilitarianism ­ the right acts are those that
produce the most good but goodness is not identifiable
with properties such as pleasure
"If I am asked `What is good?' my answer is that good is good and that
is the end of the matter. Or if I am asked `How is good to be defined?'
my answer is that is cannot be defined, and that is all I have to say
about it"
We cannot use our sense to tell us if something is good
but we know by using our `moral intuition' and we can
still say if a statement is true or false…read more

Slide 4

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Intuitionism - G.E. Moore Principa Ethica
We can recognize goodness - we just know. He called it
the simple notion. This is like the colour yellow.
"We know what yellow is and can recognise it whenever it is seen, but
we cannot actually define yellow. In the same way, we know what good
is but we cannot actually define it"…read more

Slide 5

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Intuitionism ­ H.A. Pritchard
There is no definition of ethical language such as `good' but
we all recognize it's properties
It is recognized when we `ought' to do something ­ our
moral obligations are obvious just like mathematics.
Intuition that something is our duty comes from our thinking
about the action not the action itself (reason)
Our intuition shows us which action is right and where our
obligations lay
He recognises that people have different morals, this is due
to some having developed further thinking (does this
suggest that some morals are correct and others aren't?)
He does not provide a fundamental list of obligations but
suggests to look at the situation is there is a conflict of
obligations.…read more

Slide 6

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Intuitionism ­ W.D. Ross
Influenced by Moore and Pritchard ­ there are objective
moral truths
Agreed with Moore's naturalistic fallacy but thought that
Moore's own idea failed by them
Prima facie duties; certain actions are right from experience
Duties of fidelity
Duties of reparation
Duties of gratitude
Duties of justice
Duties of beneficence
Duties of self-improvement
Duties of non-maleficence
They are not absolute, nor is it exhaustive. We use intuition
to make decisions to make…read more

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