Merton Strain Theory (Key Study)

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1. What is strain?

  • The daily nagging of annoying parents about 'video game addiction'!
  • The different forms of behaviour between goals and means
  • The strain crime and devince puts upon society
  • The different forms of behaviour between the majority and the minority
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Other questions in this quiz

2. How did he think the system worked?

  • The insitutes and collective conscience ensure everyone achieves their goals
  • It worked well if the majority of people can achieve their goals
  • It worked well if the minority of people can achieve their goals
  • He thought it worked as a showgirl!

3. Who criticized Merton and what for?

  • Reiner et al (Neo Marxists) - Fails to consider wider power relations in society, who makes laws and who benefits from them
  • Taylor et al (Neo Marxists) - Fails to consider wider power relations in society, who makes laws and who benefits from them
  • Taylor et al (Marxists) - Fails to consider wider power relations in society, who makes laws and who benefits from them
  • His mother for not eating all his veggies at dinner! Bad Merton!

4. What are the ways people respond to the strain?

  • Rage quiting, dancing, **** addiction, loving, graffiti
  • Attachment, Commitment, Involvment, Belief
  • Conformity (Obeys goals and means despite limited success chances), Innovation (May use criminal behaviour to achieve goals), Ritualism (Means used but goal lost), Retreatism (Rejects goals&means), Rebellion (Goals&means rejected, own ones used)
  • Changing values, Social cohesion, Safety valve, Re-affirming the boundaries

5. Another crit?

  • Young (The Vertigo of Late Modernity) - Contradiction of consumer culture and institutes that fail to deliver such success to majority leads to anomie and violent crime
  • Taylor, Walton & Young - Theory cannot explain politically motivated crime where law broken for cause (eg rich workers stop system changing to benefit poor)
  • Reiner - Theory cannot be adapted to take crits into account - Not all crimes indirectly related to status
  • Critical hit for headshot -300hp

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