Merton Strain Theory (Key Study)

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1. Another crit?

  • Critical hit for headshot -300hp
  • Reiner - Theory cannot be adapted to take crits into account - Not all crimes indirectly related to status
  • Taylor, Walton & Young - Theory cannot explain politically motivated crime where law broken for cause (eg rich workers stop system changing to benefit poor)
  • Young (The Vertigo of Late Modernity) - Contradiction of consumer culture and institutes that fail to deliver such success to majority leads to anomie and violent crime
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2. What are some other criticisms of Merton?

  • Assumes that - gender consensus in US society, people don't deviate because of structural strain in society, most crime by u/c, crime is community response (ignores subcultures)
  • Assumes that - value consensus in US society, people only deviate because of structural strain in society, most crime by w/c, crime is individual response (ignores subcultures)
  • Ignores that - value consensus in US society, people only deviate because of structural strain in society, most crime by w/c, crime is individual response (ignores subcultures)
  • His dad - not becoming a paper boy to make own money and independance!

3. Who criticized Merton and what for?

  • Reiner et al (Neo Marxists) - Fails to consider wider power relations in society, who makes laws and who benefits from them
  • Taylor et al (Neo Marxists) - Fails to consider wider power relations in society, who makes laws and who benefits from them
  • Taylor et al (Marxists) - Fails to consider wider power relations in society, who makes laws and who benefits from them
  • His mother for not eating all his veggies at dinner! Bad Merton!

4. How does Merton see society?

  • Through beer goggles
  • All societies set member goals, provide socially acceptable ways of achieving these goals
  • Constantly changing goals and values, many ways to achieve these goals
  • All societies set member goals, provide socially acceptable and unacceptable ways of achieving these goals

5. What did Merton see the goal of society as?

  • As 3 big hoops in the pitch that you throw the Quaffle into!
  • Emotional and material wealth above all else - Achieve these through money and educational achievement
  • Economic and material wealth above all else - Achieve these through hard work and educational achievement
  • Harmony and equality above all else - Achieve these through talking and reconciliation

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