Merton's Strain Theory

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Merton's Strain Theory


  • Merton shows how normal and deviant behavior can arise from the same mainstream goal
  • Both conformists and innovators are pursing money goals


  • Take official statistics at face value
  • Marxists argue it ignores the power of ruling class
  • Assumes there is a value consensus


Sub cultural strain theories criticize Merton and build on his work


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