Memory Improvement Strategies

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Visual Imagery - Method of Loci
Place items into familiar locations. Useful: info processed in meaningful way, cues given. Used by memory champions. Have to work through whole list.
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Organisation - Hierarchies
Putting word into categories. Useful: info processed in meaningful way, cues given. Limitation: Guessing words.
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Organisation - Hierarchies evidence
Bower asked Ps. to remember 112 words, group one in categories and group 2 in a random order. Group 1 remembered three and a half times as many words.
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Organisation - Mindmaps
Visual Summary. Useful: info processed in meaningful way, cues given. Nesbit and Adescope reviewed 55 students. Those who used mindmaps showed increased info retention.
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Elaborative Rehearsal - Acronyms and Acrostics
First letters used to make another word/First letters used to make a sentence. Useful: info processed in meaningful way, cues given. Limitation: Remember acronym or acrostic but not items.
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Elaborative Rehearsal - Acronyms and Acrostics supporting evidence
Levin et al gave Ps. mnemonic devices to learn words. Those given acronyms performed better in memory test.
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Card 2

Front

Organisation - Hierarchies

Back

Putting word into categories. Useful: info processed in meaningful way, cues given. Limitation: Guessing words.

Card 3

Front

Organisation - Hierarchies evidence

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Organisation - Mindmaps

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Elaborative Rehearsal - Acronyms and Acrostics

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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