Memory

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What is encoding?
Encoding: changing information so that it can be stored.
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What is storage?
Storage: holding information in the memory system.
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What is retrieval?
Retrieval: recovering information from storage.
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What is the Multi Store explanation of memory?
The idea that information passes through a series of memory stores, sensory store, short term and long term memory.
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Describe a study on the Multi store explanation of memory
Aim: to see if rehearsal was necessary to hold information in the short term store. Participants were given sets of three letters to remember, such as GYK, but were immediately asked to count backwards in threes for different lengths of time.
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What is the Levels of Processing explanation of memory? (LOP model)
Refers to how deeply you process information. First there is structural (the apearence of the word eg font) then there is phonetic (how a word sounds) the last and most deep level is semantic (we think of the meaning).
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What is the Reconstructive explanation of memory?
Altering our recollection of things so that they make more sense to us.
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Card 2

Front

Storage: holding information in the memory system.

Back

What is storage?

Card 3

Front

Retrieval: recovering information from storage.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The idea that information passes through a series of memory stores, sensory store, short term and long term memory.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Aim: to see if rehearsal was necessary to hold information in the short term store. Participants were given sets of three letters to remember, such as GYK, but were immediately asked to count backwards in threes for different lengths of time.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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