Memory.

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  • Created by: Megs555
  • Created on: 08-12-15 19:46
What are the 3 memory processes?
Encoding, Storage, Retrieval.
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What are the 3 forms of storage?
Sensory memory, STM, LTM.
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What is the recency effect?
When the last thing said is easier to remember - it's still in STM.
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What is the primacy effect?
Remembering items presented first.
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What is anterograde amnesia?
Inability to store info in LTM after brain damage.
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Who developed the rehearsal buffer?
Atkinson and Shiffrin.
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What technique can be used to extend the capacity of STM?
Putting the info into chunks - grouping.
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What technique can be used to extend the duration of STM?
Rehearsal.
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What is a model of memory?
A way of representing/explaining how the process of memory works..
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Atkinson and Shiffrin developed which explaination of memory?
The multi-store model.
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Why do people tend to remember the last few words of something said to them?
They were most recently heard and still in STM.
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What is one of the main critisisms of the multi-store model?
It's oversimplified.
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Which two psychologists can be related to the reconstructive explaination of memory?
Elizabeth Loftus and F.C. Bartlett.
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What is the name of the story Bartlett used?
War of the Ghosts.
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What is the difference between serial and repeated reproduction?
Serial reproduction is when the story is passed on from person to person, sometimes through generations. Repeated reproduction is when the same person tells the same story multiple times.
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What is a schema?
A building block of information.
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What 2 things did Bartlett propose about memory?
It's an active process. Effort after meaning is required in order to make sense of an event.
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Who developed the LOP theory?
Craik and Lockhart.
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They propose 3 levels of processing, what are they?
Iconic, Acoustic, Semantic.
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What 3 things are seen as significant factors affecting memory?
Elaboration, Organisation and Distinctiveness.
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What aspect of memory can be tested using digit span?
Capacity of STM.
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What does the term encoding mean?
Putting information into storage.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the 3 forms of storage?

Back

Sensory memory, STM, LTM.

Card 3

Front

What is the recency effect?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the primacy effect?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is anterograde amnesia?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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