Marxist Explanations of Crime and Deviance

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1. How is crime a rational response to unequal capitalist society?

  • All values promote wealth, individualism, ownership of property, competition
  • It isn't...unless, I do really want an Xbox...hmmm ;)
  • Through agencies (Education, media, religion), hegemony, false class concsciousness
  • All structural systems exist to maintain power of Bourgeoisie, agents of social control make laws to control and punish w/c
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2. How are Marxists criticised?

  • Assumes ruling class have all power, not always true
  • They assume communism would eradicate crime, not true in Soviet Union
  • Capitalism doesn't always have high crime rates, Switzerland doesn't
  • With the bullets of oppression the upper classes fire endlessly!

3. What is an aspect of false-class conciousness that deals with crime?

  • Hypno brainwashes peeps to be crime fighting Pokemon!
  • Commitement to laws by members of society as they are made to help ruing class
  • Believing in meritocracy
  • Believing what you read in the media

4. What is the adapted version of Marxism?

  • The 2017 film
  • Neo-Marxism - They try to apply Marxist ideas to current society,they focus on other factors than class (eg Media in Cohen's Folk devils study)
  • Postmodern Marxism - Believes class doesn't exist anymore but that the powerful want it to
  • Feminist Marxism - Patriachary is seen in all parts of society

5. What do Left Realists think of the Neo-Marxist view of crime and deviance?

  • They think its bad but too polite to say anything!
  • Left idealism - Most crime doesnt help poor people, usually by and against them, most subcultures don't mean to be resisting capitalism
  • Left idealism - Most crime does help poor people, usually by and not against them, most subcultures do mean to be resisting capitalism
  • Right idealism - Most crime doesnt help poor people, usually by and against them, most subcultures don't mean to be resisting capitalism

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