Liberalism

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  • Created by: Olivia 22
  • Created on: 31-03-14 10:39
Which ideologist is behind the social contract?
John Locke
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Why do liberals believe in the social contract?
Enhances democracy and individualism. Also controls over mighty humans.
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If you believe in egotistical individualism what kind of state, economics and society do you believe in?
Minimal state, Laissez Faire economics and atomistic society
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If you believe in developmental individualism what kind of state, economics and society do you believe in?
Enabling state, Keynesianism economics and organic society.
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Explain the ideas of Adam Smith
Free market, believes in enterprise and privatisation and that people can make their own profits.
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How does the free market benefit all people?
Capitalism allows people to make profit - trickle down economics.
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why do liberals believe individuals can live freely?
Because we are rational beings.
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What is the principle of utility?
The greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount of people.
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Why do liberals not accept absolute freedom?
Because we are egotistical and have the capability to abuse freedom as a means of being self interested.
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Explain the harm principle.
Proposed by J.S Mill: We can do what we like as long as it doesn't harm others.
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What is negative freedom and which liberals believe in it?
Classical liberals believe in negative freedom and like the harm principle it's the idea that we can do what we like as long as we don't harm others.
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Why do all liberals want a limited state?
Firstly because as individuals we fear an over mighty state but also because individuals when given power can cause corruption from corrupted individuals.
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What kind of state do classical liberals want?
A minimal state which only works on defence and contracts. No economic intervention.
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What kind of state do modern liberals want?
An enabling state which allows individuals to develop for example through welfare; "hand up not a hand out" and they would support state intervention economically.
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Name 3 ways in which liberals propose to limit the state.
Checks and balances. Constitutionalism. Private Property.
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What is positive freedom and which liberals believe in it?
When obligations are imposed on other to allow individuals to fulfil their potential. This is supported by modern liberals.
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Name 2 ideologists behind modern liberalism.
David Lloyd George and William Beveridge.
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What is William Beveridge most famous for?
Welfare state.
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Explain Keynesianism.
Part public, part private sphere. Full employment. Welfare from cradle to the grave.
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Name 3 examples of pluralism.
Political parties, pressure groups and religious pluralism.
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Why is pluralism so important to liberals?
Allows individuals to flourish and it encourages tolerance.
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Name 2 ways in which liberalism enhances democracy.
Rights, toleration.
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Name 2 ways in which liberalism and democracy clash.
Individualism vs collectivism. Individual rights vs collective rights.
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Card 2

Front

Why do liberals believe in the social contract?

Back

Enhances democracy and individualism. Also controls over mighty humans.

Card 3

Front

If you believe in egotistical individualism what kind of state, economics and society do you believe in?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

If you believe in developmental individualism what kind of state, economics and society do you believe in?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Explain the ideas of Adam Smith

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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