Liberal Reforms

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Working Conditions in 1890's
1/3 of population in abhorrent poverty, unregulated industries = exploitation of workers, "piece work" meant paid by how much you do
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Living Conditions in 1890's
cramped+overcrowded homes, poor sewage control~>disease, day's wages couldn't cover the basic necessities
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William Booth
London, founded White Chapel Church Mission=Salvation Army, created a worker=friendly match making company
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Seebohn Rowntree
York, highlighted extreme poverty in unexpected areas (cities etc), poverty was caused by old age, sickness and youth, 27% fell below poverty line in York, large family=52% of poor, low wages=22% of poor
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John Galt
Missionary East London, photographed poor to raise awareness, removed stereotypes of poor, showed them working proving low life expectancy
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Charles Booth
London (1880), Businessman (Liverpool shipping line), looked at figures disproving myths of the poor, 1% of poor were "undeserving", 30% of London fell below poverty line, poverty caused by low wages, poor were neighbours to the rich,
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Charles Booth
Distinguished "poverty line", 11% widows, 14% low paid workers, distinguished detailed class/wealth system
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Seebohn Rowntree
Connections with DLG, owned "Daily News" and "National" newspapers
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The Poor
Low life expectancy (45), 1900 death rate=163 per 1000, top 10% of population owned 92% of the wealth
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National Efficiency: The Boer War
Boer War (1899-1902), half the recruits were unfit due to illness, lowered minimum height to get enough men (population so malnourished), Gov. set up Committee of Physical Deterioration
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National Efficiency: Effective Workforce
1870 Britain was challenged as a superpower by USA & Germancy, o
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Card 2

Front

cramped+overcrowded homes, poor sewage control~>disease, day's wages couldn't cover the basic necessities

Back

Living Conditions in 1890's

Card 3

Front

London, founded White Chapel Church Mission=Salvation Army, created a worker=friendly match making company

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

York, highlighted extreme poverty in unexpected areas (cities etc), poverty was caused by old age, sickness and youth, 27% fell below poverty line in York, large family=52% of poor, low wages=22% of poor

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Missionary East London, photographed poor to raise awareness, removed stereotypes of poor, showed them working proving low life expectancy

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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