The Liberal Reforms

Some notes i made on the liberal reforms for the british depth study source exam. Basically just on how and why the liberal reforms happened and why they were needed.

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The Liberal Reforms
Why did the liberal reforms happen?
There was a liberal divide
The labour party was growing and becoming a threat
Individuals such as Lloyd George and Churchill realised there was a problem
Efficiency of the country decreased due to poor health
Reports by people such as Rowntree and Booth
1900 ­ the nation is very rich, the wealth is based on growing industries and overseas empires.
However government attitudes towards the poor meant that this would be short lived.
Laissez Faire said that the poor should help themselves and that it wasn't the governments responsibilities.
The role of the government was thought to be to:
To provide law and order
to ensure defence from foreign aggresion
to regulate foreign affairs
The government thought that poverty was self inflicted through idleness, drunkenness and gambling.
In Britain the poor law of 1834 allowed those who could prove themselves to be porr to go into the
workhouse. For able bodied people there was no help outside of the work house.
The workhouses were so terrible that 90% of those in poverty never went to the
1906 Election
A LANDSLIDE ELECTION, the liberal government won 400 seats and overtook the conservatives by a
massive majority.
Liberals ­ 59.25%
Conservatives + Liberal Unionist ­ 23.28%
Labour ­ 41.98%
Irish Parliamentary ­ 12.24%
Independent ­ 0.9%
ARTHUR BELFOUR ­ Conservative
JOHN REMOND ­ Irish Parliamentary
In 1900 ­ 1/3 of the population were living in poverty. People had difficult saving for RETIREMENT,
SICKNESS, and UNEMPLOYMENT, because wages were so low.
The Liberal Reforms based on:
1) It's not necessarily the fault of the poor
2) it's the role of the government to support the poor when they need it.
LLOYD GEORGE and CHURCHILL were the force behind the liberal reforms.

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Both were inspirational leaders and very ambitious
· Both wanted to make a name for themselves
· Both were popular among working classes and other mps.…read more


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