Left Realism

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  • Created by: chend96
  • Created on: 03-05-14 18:44
When was left realism formed?
1980's
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Who is the key theorist?
Jock Young
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What two reasons did he state led to left realism?
Needing to tackle rising crime and taking victims into account
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What do they focus on about individuals?
The causes that may have led them to commit crime.
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What view do they share with marxists?
Society is unequal, but they are reformists
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What do they believe about society changing?
That it should be gradual, not a violent overthrow of capitalsim
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What do they state about crime and w/c?
That crime affects the most disadvantaged groups- poorer
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What else to they state about crime?
It's not a social contruction- figuires too high
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Why do they criticise neo-marixsts?
For romanticising w/c crime
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Why is this?
Because w/c are usually the victims of crime
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What do they state is the first cause of crime?
Marginalisation?
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What is this?
When people live on the margins of society, not involved in it and therefore lack clear goals and orgnisation
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What does this lead to?
Powerless and therefore crime
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What do gibbs and merighi state?
Black communities often feel marginalised in terms of education, jobs housing and poverty so therefore feel frustarted and angry and commit crime
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What is the second cause of crime?
Relative deprivation
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What is this?
When people are deprived in relation to others, which leads to resentment and inequality due a consumer and materialistic society.
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What do lea and young state?
That ethnic minority groups feel resentment because they feel relatively deprived as the policing in their community is unfair and biased.
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Whats the final cause of crime?
subcultures
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What this?
When individuals form their own norms and values
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What do left realists state about this?
That often ethnic minorities form subculutres in inner city areas, they still strive to achieve mainstream goals but lack the legitimate opportunities, so turn to crime
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What do messner and golden state?
That areas with racial discrimination, violent subcultures flourish, as well as other subculutres.
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What does young statr about late modernity?
That we now live in a society which is insecure, instable and excluded
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What does this contrast with?
The golden years 60's
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However, what happened in the 70's?
There was a loss of jobs, therefore unemployement- welfare cutbacks and people resorted to crime to survive.
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What are left realists four solutions to crime?
More ethnic minority police officers, better relationships between police and communities, tackle inequalities-structural causes of crime, community centres
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What are the two strengths?
Recognises the social causes of crime and note that most victims are working class
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What are the weaknesses?
Most victims are working class and they only rely in victim surveys.
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Card 2

Front

Who is the key theorist?

Back

Jock Young

Card 3

Front

What two reasons did he state led to left realism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What do they focus on about individuals?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What view do they share with marxists?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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