Right realism on crime

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 22-04-15 16:45
What perspective does Right Realism come from?
A new right perspective which looks at the causes of crime and what can be put in place to deter criminals
1 of 16
What did Right Realists move away from?
The search for causes of crime towards practical crime control measures
2 of 16
What 3 causes does Right Realism identify as influencing crime?
1) Biological differences 2)inadequate socialisation 3)rational choice to offend
3 of 16
What is meant by 'Biological differences' in relation to causing crime?
Some personalty traits put some at greater risk of offending
4 of 16
What is meant by 'Inadequate socialisationl' in relation to causes of crime?
Welfare dependency, Poor socialisation. The idea of the underclass and single parents lacking the ability to give their children direction which would deter them from crime
5 of 16
What is meant by 'Rational Choice' in terms of causes of crime?
People choose to commit crime by weighing up the pros and cons
6 of 16
Where did NEW RIGHT REALISM originate? What was it a result of?
Originated in the USA in the writings of WILSON
7 of 16
What was WILSONS study called?
Broken Windows (1982)
8 of 16
Summarise the findings of Broken Windows
Crime flourishes where social control breaks down. Deviant behaviour is prevented by a reaction from the wider community, if there is not reaction social order breaks down, leading to more crime, once crime is allowed it flourishes
9 of 16
What are the 5 solutions to crime that Right realism propose?
1) CCTV 2)More police officers 3)Zero tolerance policing 4)Harsher punishments 5)USA 3 strikes idea(25 years in prison after 3rd offence)
10 of 16
Why does Murray argue that the crime rate is increasing?
Because of a growing underclass who are defined by their deviant behaviour and fail to socialise their children correctly. The underclass is a result of welfare dependency.
11 of 16
What is Rational Choice Theory?
It assumes that individuals have free will and the power to reason
12 of 16
How does rational choice theory work?
Ron Clarke argues that the decision to commit crime is a choice based on a rational calculation of the consequences. If the perceived rewards outweigh the costs, then people are more likely to offend
13 of 16
Criticisms- What does Right realism overstate? What does this fail to explain?
The offenders' rationality and how far they make cost benefit calculations before committing a crime. This fails to explain most violent crime
14 of 16
Criticism - How does RR contradict itself?
The view that criminals are rational actors freely choosing crime conflicts with the view that behaviour is determined by biology and socailisation.
15 of 16
Criticism - What can zero tolerance policing lead to?
Displacement of crime to other areas and it gives police free reign to discriminate against ethnic minority youths, the homeless etc.
16 of 16

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did Right Realists move away from?

Back

The search for causes of crime towards practical crime control measures

Card 3

Front

What 3 causes does Right Realism identify as influencing crime?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is meant by 'Biological differences' in relation to causing crime?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is meant by 'Inadequate socialisationl' in relation to causes of crime?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Crime and deviance resources »