KW Medical Ethics

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Euthanasia
Literally translated as good death.
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Anti-vivisection
Against animal testing. This includes being against using animals for medical research.
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Concieve
To create an embryo by a man's sperm penetrating a woman's egg- starting a pregnancy.
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Conception
The point at which an embryo is created.
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Double effect
The argument that actions such as euthanasia can be allowed if they are a side-effect of a good action such as pain relief.
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Embryo
The first collection of cells that develops in the womb when a woman becomes pregnant.
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Voluntary euthanasia
When someone asks for the end of his or her own life but is unable to commit suicide without help.
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Foetus
The growing baby in the womb.
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Hospices
Places where terminally ill people can go for respite and nursing care.
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Infertile
Said of someone who is unable to conceive naturally.
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Living will
A legal document declaring a person's wish to die natural death.
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Persistant vegetative state
A condition in which patients with severe brain damage have progressed from a state of coma to a state of 'wakefulness without awareness'.
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Pharmaceutical research
Research carried out for the purpose of developing new medicines.
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Pro-choice
Believing a woman has the right to choose whether to go ahead or not with a pregnancy, on the basis of her circumstances.
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Pro-life
Opposed to abortion and believing that all human life should be protected, even before birth.
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Sanctity of life
The belief that all life is holy because it is created by God.
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Abortifacient
A drug or device that causes an abortion.
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AID
Artificial insemination by donor.
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Active euthanasia
When action is taken to bring life to an end.
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AIH
Artificial insemination by husband.
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Artificial insemination
Sperm collected and placed in the woman's uterus artificially.
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Assisted suicide
Another term for voluntary euthanasia.
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Free will
The human ability to decide what to do for themselves.
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Involuntary euthanasia
When other people decide that it would be best if someone's life ends, because he or she is not able to make that decision independently.
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IVF
In vitro fertilisation, involves the egg and the sperm being brought together in a test tube.
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Palliative care
Coping with the major aspects of keeping severe pain under control.
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Passive euthanasia
When a decision is made to stop giving a dying person further treatment, even though death will be the result.
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Quality of life
The consideration of how happy someone is and whether they're suffering.
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Samaritans
An organisation that was started in 1953 which provides emotional support to anyone in distress or at risk of suicide.
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Stem cells
Single cells which have the potential to be 'reprogrammed' to develop into any type of cell in the body.
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Suicide
The act of deliberately killing yourself.
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Therapeutic cloning
A medical procedure where single cells would be taken from a person and 'reprogrammed' to create stem cells, which have the potential to develop into any type of cell in the body.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Against animal testing. This includes being against using animals for medical research.

Back

Anti-vivisection

Card 3

Front

To create an embryo by a man's sperm penetrating a woman's egg- starting a pregnancy.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The point at which an embryo is created.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The argument that actions such as euthanasia can be allowed if they are a side-effect of a good action such as pain relief.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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