Psychopathology.

Psychopathology
The study of mental illness.
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Mustabatory thinking.
Thinking that certain ideas / assumptions must be true (I must do well, else I am worthless)
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Beck's Negative Triad.
Negative views about the world, Negative views about the future, Negative views about oneself.
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CBT
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Given homework (keep a diary)
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DEF
D: disputing irrational beliefs E: Effect of disputing F: Feelings.
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Logical Disputing
Does this make sense? Does thinking this way make sense?
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Impirical Disputing
Impirical = math. Where is the proof that this belief is accurate?
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Pragmatic Disputing
How is this belief going to help you?
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ABC Model, by Ellis
How irrational thoughts effect behaviour. A=activating event B=belief C=consequence
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Benzodiazepines
Antianxiety drugs used to treat OCD as they have a quietening effect on the brain and reduce anxiety caused by obsessive thoughts
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SSRI's
Selective Serotonin Re uptake Inhibitor.
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Tricyclics
Primary use for treating OCD. Blocks the transporter mechanism that reabsorbs serotonin and adrenaline. Really bad side effects
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At what point does one become Statistically Infrequent?
2.5% either side (top and bottom percent)
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Emotional symptoms of Depression:
Sadness, loss of interest and sometimes anger
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Cognitive symptoms of Depression:
Irrational (majority of time), negative thoughts.
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Behavioral symptoms of Depression:
over / under sleeping, over / under eating.
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Emotional symptoms of Phobias:
Fear and anxiety (excessive).
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Behavioural symptoms of Phobias:
Avoidance, faint or freeze. Interferes with day-to-day life.
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Cognitive symptoms of Phobias:
Not helped by rational argument
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Emotional symptoms of OCD:
Anxiety and distress - can lead to shame.
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Cognitive symptoms of OCD:
The obsessions (belief). Recurrent, intrusive, uncontrollable thoughts.
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Behavioral symptoms OCD:
The compulsions. e.g. washing your hands excessively.
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Two process model - explaining phobias.
Phobias are acquired through classical conditioning. Phobias are maintained through operant conditioning and social learning.
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Treating phobias:
Systematic de-sensitisation: taught relaxation techniques, develop higher archy of fears. 75% success rate.
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Flooding:
Learn relaxation techniques, then one long session with the most fearful stimulus and then continues until anxiety subsides.
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Negative schema:
Develops in childhood and leads to cognitive biases.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Thinking that certain ideas / assumptions must be true (I must do well, else I am worthless)

Back

Mustabatory thinking.

Card 3

Front

Negative views about the world, Negative views about the future, Negative views about oneself.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Given homework (keep a diary)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

D: disputing irrational beliefs E: Effect of disputing F: Feelings.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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