Key Theme 2a- The Nature of Government- Central Government Structure

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  • Created by: Heather
  • Created on: 22-01-16 23:07
What is the first turning point?
Defeat in the Crimean War,
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Give evidence of change this turning point led to in central government structure?
In 1861, he set up a Comittee of Ministers, a cabinet-like body,
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Is there a continuity of central government structure?
There is no nationally elected body,
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What is the next turning point?
1866 assassination attempt,
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Is there any change in central government structure?
No
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What is the next turning point?
1881 assassination
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Is there any change in central government structure?
No
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What is the next turning point?
1905 Revolution/ Defeat in the Russo-Japanese War,
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For change from this turning point, what does Nicholas II replace the 1861 Committee of Ministers with?
A Council of Ministers
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For change, what does Nicholas II set up, the first of the Tsars to do this?
He sets up the nationally elected body, the Duma.
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How many Dumas were there through NII's reign and the years for each?
-4 Dumas, -1906, -1907, -1907-12, -1912-17,
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For the 1st and 2nd Dumas, what representations were there for the voting system?
One gentry vote is equal to 35 townspeople or 15 peasant votes or 45 worker votes,
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For the 3rd and 4th Duma, what happens to worker and peasant representation in the Duma?
it halves,
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What is the next turning point?
World War One,
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What is the first turning point within World War One?
February 1917
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What change was made to central government structure?
A Provisional Government
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How many coalitions were there for the Provisonal Government? When were they and the dominating parties?
2 coalitions, -1st coalition-March 1917-May 1917, -Kadets and Octobrists, -2nd Coalition-May 1917-October 1917, -Mensheviks and SRS
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How many Prime Ministers were there and the periods of their rule?
-Prince Lvov- February 1917- July 1917, -Kerensky- July 1917-October 1917
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What evidence is there for continuity in central government structure?
National Constituent Assembly-First All Russian Congress of Soviets
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What is the next turning point within that of WW1?
October 1917
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What change is there to what cabinet-like body?
-Cabinet-like body is renameed Sovnarkom,
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What is the next turning point?
The Civil War
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What changes are introduced by Lenin to his national body?
In 1922, he creates the Supreme Soviets which consists of 2 bodies- the Soviet of the Union and Soviet of Nationalities,
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As evidence of change from the Provisional Government but continuity with the Tsars, what was Lenin's changes to a nationally elected body?
He rejected the National Constituent Assembly after one day,
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What is the next turning point?
1924/1928
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What is there continuity of?
The Supreme Soviets
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AS evidence of change, what does he create that heads the party structure?
A presidium,
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What policy does he begin to introduce to central government structure?
Centralisation,
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What is the next turning point?
1953
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What evidence is there for continuity?
The cabinet-like body Sovnarkom and the Supreme Soviets are continued,
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What policy does he change?
Stalin's centralisation to decentralisation,
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How does he change Stalin's praesdium?
It is reduced to 10 members,
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How does he change the control of the secret police which are named what?
-Control of the KGB is now run by a committee not an individual,
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What is the last turning point?
The Cold War.
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Is there any change in the central government structure?
No
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Overall, which turning point had the most effect on the central government structure?
1905 revolution/ Defeat in the Russo-Japanese War as Nicholas II was first to introduce a nationally elected body and one of the first to change central government structures significantly from predecessors.
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Card 2

Front

Give evidence of change this turning point led to in central government structure?

Back

In 1861, he set up a Comittee of Ministers, a cabinet-like body,

Card 3

Front

Is there a continuity of central government structure?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the next turning point?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Is there any change in central government structure?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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