Key Dates In American History

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Columbus "discovers" America
1492
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Declaration of Independence
1776 --> declares that colonies have officially separated from Britain
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The US Constitution/The Bill of Rights
1789 --> replaces Articles of Confederation and sets up US federal government
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Why is this a key document?
Creates a government which has a strong federal backbone, whilst retaining rights for states
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What does this document begin to institute?
Principles of "checks and balances"
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What is the 3/5ths Comprimise?
The idea that every slave would be counted for demographic purposes as 3/5th of a person
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What does the inclusion of this mean?
It solidifies the idea of an America based on racial inequality
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The election of Abraham Lincoln
1860
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Why does this set off the US Civil War?
Many Southern states concerned Lincoln would pass a federal law prohibiting slavery
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What did the Emancipation Proclamation entail?
It freed all slaves in states who had seceded
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The American Civil War
1861-65
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What happened during this?
11 states attempted to secede (leave) the United States of "states' rights"
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What was the real issue?
Whether a state had a right to continue slavery
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What did the Civil War end with?
The abolition of slavery throughout the US
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Reconstruction of the South
1865-77
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What did the Civil Rights Act of 1866 do?
Gave full citizenship to African Americans
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What happened in 1866?
This was considered too controversial and ended; many of the policies put in place were overturned
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When did the Progressive Movement begin?
1890s
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What happened to workers during this?
In general, they were given more rights; women and children had laws passed to protect them
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When was the period of isolation?
1914-16
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US join World War I
1917
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What major changes were brought about by the end of the war?
Women gain right to vote; African Americans begin major cultural movements
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Women gain the right to vote
1918
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The Harlem Renaissance
1920s
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Was the army still racially segregated at the end of the war?
Yes
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What happened from 1920-29?
The Roaring 20s
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What happens to America's economy?
Economic boom; people begin to buy things on credit
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What happens to unemployment?
Unemployment decreases; workers can demand more rights
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What happens to the Native Americans?
They begin to advocate more fully for their rights
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The Wall Street Crash
1929
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What does this contribute to?
The Great Depression
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What happens in regards to civil rights?
Many turn away from them; more concerned with economy
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What happens because of rising unemployment levels?
Labour groups find it harder to bargain with employers
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The Depression and the New Deal
1930s
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What is the New Deal?
Employers must pay overtime; prevents exploitation; minimum wages etc.
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What happens to African and Native Americans?
Government realises they need help for housing and health care
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World War II
1940-45
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Is the army racially integrated?
Yes; some units are; racial integration in the army for the first time
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What happened to workers' rights during the Great Depression?
Legislation passed that is meant to protect workers' rights
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The Civil Rights Era
1950s and 1960s
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What do African Americans do?
Push for voting and social rights?
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What do women do?
Agitate for more equality; via feminist movement
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What do Native Americans do?
Use protest techniques to bring attention to their problems
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Why are Native Americans now able to work together?
They start to move into cities
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What do SOME members of the labor rights movement do?
Agitate for greater racial and social equality
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The Vietnam War
1960s and 1970s
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Which people were drafted?
A disproportionate number of lower class and non-white people
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Roe v. Wade case
1973
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What does this case guarentee?
American women legal access to abortion
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The LA race riots/The Rodney King riots
1992
50 of 52
What happened to LA?
It broke out in a firestorm of protest and race riots
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What does it show?
Debates surrounding race and civil rights were still alive and well in the US
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1776 --> declares that colonies have officially separated from Britain

Back

Declaration of Independence

Card 3

Front

1789 --> replaces Articles of Confederation and sets up US federal government

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Creates a government which has a strong federal backbone, whilst retaining rights for states

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Principles of "checks and balances"

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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