Institutional Aggression

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1. What did Mandel suggest?

  • Lack of meaningful activity, privacy and overcrowding was linked to peer violence
  • Milgram's theory is monocausal
  • Deprivation model
  • Importation model
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2. Who suggested the Importation model?

  • Pauline and Peterson
  • Staub
  • Irwin and Cressey
  • Milgram

3. What did McCorke et al find?

  • Lack of meaningful activity, privacy and overcrowding was linked to peer violence
  • When gang members were separated there was a 50% decrease in serious assault rate
  • Stressful situational factors cause individuals to lose their own moral rules and carry out aggressive acts as the responsibility of their actions is diffused onto their leader
  • History of violence was the best indicator of peer violence regardless of situational factors

4. Issue of Staub's theory

  • Bystanders intervention doesn’t end genocide as the theory would suggest, intervention of UN in Rwanda's genocide didn’t end or lessen the genocide as 800,000 died in 100 days
  • Mandel said that the theory was Monocausal
  • Reduces complex theory of institutional aggression to social factors

5. What did Jiang et al. find?

  • Lack of meaningful activity, privacy and overcrowding was linked to peer violence
  • Deprivation explained violence against prison guards and the importation model explained violence against other inmates
  • When space was increased, severity of violence didn't decrease
  • Best indicator of violence in young offenders was history violence before prison, regardless of situational factors

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