Indian Music Glossary

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  • Created by: Loz215
  • Created on: 06-04-15 12:39
Gharana
Indian system of master-pupil teaching.
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Raga
Improvised music in several contrasting sections, based on a series of notes from a particular rag.
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Rasa
Mood created by the sounds of the pitchesin a particular raga.
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Bols
In a tala, these are the independant rythum parts that go against the main beat of the cycle creating exsisting syncopations.
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Matras
Individual beat in a rythmic cycle.
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Syncopations
Notes accented off the beat.The weak part of the beat is often emphasised.
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Teental
common 16 beat (4+4+4+4) rythmic cycle.
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Alap
The opening unmetred and improvised section of the raga.
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Bandish
The last section of a vocal raga-a fixed composition in the form of a song.
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Gat
The final section of an instrumental raga- a fixed composition with some improvised embellishments.
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Jhalla
The third section of a raga-a lively tempo and virtuoso display of improvisatory skills. The climax of the whole piece.
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Jhor
The second section of a raga-a medium tempo with the improvisation.
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Meend/mind
The sliding effects between notes.
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Tan
The rapid scalic flourishes on the sitar/sarod or sarangi
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Timbre
Particular tone colour of an instrument or voice.
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Bansuri
Indian flute without keys.
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Shehnai
A doublle reed Indian instrument, similar to a Western oboe.
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Pentatonic Scale
A scale built on five notes on the scale. The first,second,third,fifth and sixth degress of the scale. In C major these are C,D,E,G,A.
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Sam
The first beat of a rhythmic cycle.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Improvised music in several contrasting sections, based on a series of notes from a particular rag.

Back

Raga

Card 3

Front

Mood created by the sounds of the pitchesin a particular raga.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

In a tala, these are the independant rythum parts that go against the main beat of the cycle creating exsisting syncopations.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Individual beat in a rythmic cycle.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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