Addictive Melody - Where you add one note each time a melody is repeated, so it gradually gets longer and longer.
Africain Music - Music from Africa, has a big influence on minimalist music.
Alap - First phase of a Raga. Improvised, doesn't have a beat. Played on the Sitar with just the tambura for accompaniment.
Ambient - Calm, Spacey club dance style.
Aria - Song for a soloist in an opera or oratorio.
Articulation - How the notes are played. Clear and short or long and flowing.
Balophon - West African xylophone.
Bandish - A song that forms the final phase of a raga. Also known as Gat if its played only on instruments not with voice.
Baroque - Musical style around in Europe from about 1600 to 1750. Strong bass and lots of decoration.
Bass - Hit the center of a drum skin with hand flat.
Bhangra - Modern Bhangra is a fusion of traditional Indian and Pakistani music with Club dance music.
Call and Response - A short melody followed by an answering phrase. In African music.
Canon - All parts have same/similar tune but come in different times.
Chaal - Eight note rhythm pattern used in Bhangra.
Chaconne - Ground bass style with a repeated chord pattern in the bass.
Chromatic Scale - 12-note scale containing all the notes within an octave.
Classical - Music composed in Europe from about 1750 to 1820.
Clave Rhythm - the basic rhythm of a piece of son or salsa music around which the rest of the music has to fit.
Club Dance Music - Electronically produced music. Played in clubs since the mid 1980s
Conserto -In three movements. Piece for an orchestra with a soloist.
Da capo aria - Boroque arie in ternary form.
Decorative Notes - Notes added to the tune to make it sound more complexed.
Dhol - Drum used in traditional Bhangra.
Digital Effects - Electronic effects used in club dance style.
Djembe - Single headed African drum, played with the hands.
Dominant key - Starting on the fifth note of the scale your already in.