How the meanings of words are changed?

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  • Created by: Holly
  • Created on: 12-05-14 12:52
Broadening
Meaning of a word broadens. Keeps its old meanign but takes on a new meaning also e.g. dog meant a particular breed of dog/now name given to all dogs
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Narrowing
Opposite of brodening, word becomes more specific in it's meaning e.g. girl meant young people in middle england/now just means females
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Amelioration
Words meaning changed to make it more positive/pleasant e.g. wicked
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Pejoration
Words meaning changed to make it negative e.g. cowboy used to indicate dishonesty
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Weakening
Words over time losing their original force or strength e.g. soon was once immediate now sometime in future
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Metaphor
Words acquire new meanings as they are used metaphorically e.g. Onion bag = net of the goal
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Idioms
Phrases whose meanings cannot be understood by the words alone e.g. 'over the moon', 'in the dog house'
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Euphemisims
Mild or inoffesive way of describing soemthing unpleasant e.g. downsizing =sacking employees
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Political correctness
Replacing words/phrases that are considered offensive e.g. mixed race replaced half - caste, actor/manager no longer marked for gender
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Opposite of brodening, word becomes more specific in it's meaning e.g. girl meant young people in middle england/now just means females

Back

Narrowing

Card 3

Front

Words meaning changed to make it more positive/pleasant e.g. wicked

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Words meaning changed to make it negative e.g. cowboy used to indicate dishonesty

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Words over time losing their original force or strength e.g. soon was once immediate now sometime in future

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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