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  • Created by: Tom
  • Created on: 19-04-14 15:36
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  • Features of Language Change
    • Grammatical Change
      • Inflections(how words end/ what form a word is)
        • Verb inflections - Indicate tense eg. walked. Person eg. he walks. And whether it's singular/plural
        • Noun inflections - Indicate if its singular/plural eg. actor/actors. +Gender eg actress/actor
        • Adjective Inflections are used for comparatives and superlatives eg. fastes
      • Word Order
        • Old English word order wasn't as important/ Modern English there is less flexibility
      • Negative constructions
        • Multiple negatives are deemed incorrect/ Past they were used for adding emphasis e.g Canterbury Tales C14
      • "Who/Whom" Nowadays regarded as too formal
    • Semantic Change
      • Broadening - Word retains old meaning+Gains a new one
      • Narrowing - Words meaning becomes more specific
      • Amelioration - Meaning of a word becomes more positive
      • Pejoration - Meaning becomes more negative
      • Euphamism - MEthod of describing something unpleasant more mildly
      • Metaphor - Word acquires new meaning when used as a metaphor
      • Weakening - Word loses original meaning/power
      • Idioms - Phrase has differing meaning to the literal meanings of words
      • Political Correctness - Replacing offensive words and phrases
    • Untitled


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