HOW SIGNIFICANT WERE REVOLUTIONARY IDEALS IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY?

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Who did James II model his rule after?
Louis XIV, the absolute French monarch.
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When was James' Declaration of Indulgence signed?
1688- toleration for all religious groups
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What was the reaction to the Declaration of Indulgence?
1) Pamphleteering against the declaration began. 2) Marquis of Halifax said that parliament should have been consulted/passed their own law.
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What did Gilbert Burnet say about James' rule?
He accused both Charles and James of trying to cause divisions in parliament to further their Catholic and Arminian causes.
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What did the Whigs argue?
That James had broken a solemn contract with his people- his absolute power was no longer helping the people. They cited John Locke's 'Two Treatises of Government' (1689) to help them back this up.
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When was the Convention Parliament first called to sit?
January 1689
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When was the Bill of Rights issued?
1689
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What was the Bill of Rights?
It offered the Crown to the Protestant William and Mary- it had clauses ensuring free elections and that the army couldn't be raised in peace time or without parliamentary consent.
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Why has the Bill of Rights been criticised by historians?
No actual provisions for ensuring elections were regular, and no definition of what 'free' meant. William was also still able to choose his own advisers, military and foreign policy.
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What were the Mutiny Acts?
Acts passed from 1689 onwards- prevented the king from declaring martial law without parliament's support- they had to meet every year to renew the acts.
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What was the Act of Settlement of 1701?
It ensured the House of Hanover would gain the succession, to bypass the Catholic heirs.
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What were the terms of the Act?
Catholics, and those who were spouses of Catholics were barred from the succession- no monarch was allowed to enter a war without parliament's permission, after William's involvement in the Nine Years War 1688-97
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Card 2

Front

When was James' Declaration of Indulgence signed?

Back

1688- toleration for all religious groups

Card 3

Front

What was the reaction to the Declaration of Indulgence?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Gilbert Burnet say about James' rule?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did the Whigs argue?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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