HOW SIGNIFICANT WAS THE TRIENNIAL ACT OF 1694 IN PROMOTING PARLIAMENTARY POWER?

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Who were William's advisers when he ascended the throne in 1688?
Lord Halifax and the Earl of Danby (who helped arrange William and Mary's marriage and William's assumption of the throne)
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What was the outcome of the 1690 elections?
225 Whigs and 206 Tories were elected- William believed the Whigs to be too radical.
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What was James doing in 1690?
He was raising an Irish army to return to power- William left to fight him at the Battle of the Boyne in summer 1690.
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What was the Williamite War? (1689-91)
Began when James held a parliament in Ireland in 1689- majority of Catholic gentry offered their support- 80,000 troops fought on both sides.
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What happened during the Siege of Derry?
8,000 people died when William's soldiers defended the siege.
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Why was the Battle of Aughrim significant? (1691)
Because it marked the end of the Williamite War, and the expenditure from William's war in Ireland led to a financial commission being created in 1691-92 to control William's spending.
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What was the Whig Junto?
A group of Whig rebels who favoured William's war- they tried to push the Triennial Bill through, but William used his royal veto to stop it.
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When was the Triennial Bill passed?
1694- a parliament could not last longer than three years, which meant more elections had to be called- no dominance from either party.
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What happened in 1695?
Inquiries were set up to investigate government corruption- the Speaker of the House was accused of taking a bribe of 1,000 guineas
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Who were the Court and Country MPs?
Court MPs supported the Crown- Country MPs consisted of disaffected Whigs and bored Tories.
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What did the Country opposition do? (1697-98)
They restricted William's army to 7,000, and refused to allow the retention of William's Dutch guard.
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What happened in 1699?
The commission investigating William's allocation of Irish lands after the Williamite War found he had been making excessive grants to loyal courtiers.
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What was the Bill of Resumption?
It stated grants of Irish land to courtiers were illegal, which infuriated William. He reluctantly gave it the royal assent after the Lord refused to support it.
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Card 2

Front

What was the outcome of the 1690 elections?

Back

225 Whigs and 206 Tories were elected- William believed the Whigs to be too radical.

Card 3

Front

What was James doing in 1690?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the Williamite War? (1689-91)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What happened during the Siege of Derry?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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