history unit 1 fl

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April 1978 Kabul revolution
New govmt overthrew current govrmnt, determined to build socialism in oil – rich Afghanistan but unstable. By spring 1979 civil war broke out between govmt + Islamic fighters, many muslim leaders angered by socialist reforms.
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Oct 1979
President Taraki was assassinated by supporters of Amin, head of army, who claimed presidency of the country.
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1979 Dec Soviet invasion
Brezhnev ordered soviet invasion of Afghanistan as: Amin not trusted (even tho comm), Afghan would become Islamic state – not comm so no alliance with Russia, Karmal claimed he had enough supp for new gov.
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Brezhnev though America would tolerate invasion like the Czechoslovakian uprising to avoid war, so soviet troops killed Amin + many of his supporters, Karmal declared president
Jimmy Carter (Am President) felt he had to react, brought out Carter doctrine- gave Am right to get involved in Middle East if oil reserves threatened.
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He put economic sanctions on Russia, they supplied Afghan rebels – Mujahidin, détente brought to an end, SALT 2 negotiations were scrapped.
America boycotted 1980 Olympics along with 60 other countries incl. china & West Germany, created their own Boycott games.
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Second cold war – 1979-91
1981 Raegan replaces Carter as president, he believed America had to start fighting again. He proposed Star Wars.
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Star wars – nuclear umbrella, army of satellites equipped with lasers which could intercept Soviet missiles
Reagan increased milit spending over a trillion $ between 1981-87, started building ‘stealth bomber’, 6 new trident nuc submarines, developed neutron bomb, put cruise missiles over Europe (inc Brit)
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Soviet response
They couldn’t compete, economy couldn’t fund it, also behind in computer technology as they suspicious it could be used to undermine them.
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Card 2

Front

Oct 1979

Back

President Taraki was assassinated by supporters of Amin, head of army, who claimed presidency of the country.

Card 3

Front

1979 Dec Soviet invasion

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Brezhnev though America would tolerate invasion like the Czechoslovakian uprising to avoid war, so soviet troops killed Amin + many of his supporters, Karmal declared president

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

He put economic sanctions on Russia, they supplied Afghan rebels – Mujahidin, détente brought to an end, SALT 2 negotiations were scrapped.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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