Emotions 2

humans are ______ animals
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what do emotions do
have form and maintain social groups
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therefore the presence of emotions offer _________ and _________
direct evolutionary adaptations and indirect evolutionary adaptions
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who are evidence of this
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emotional problems, social problems
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what is neurobiological evidence for the adaptive advantage of emotions
social rejection causes pain that is to the same extent and processes in the same area of the brain as physical pain
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what is an interesting find from this study
taking paracetamol reduces social pain
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what type of emotions are especially important
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give 4 examples of self conscious emotions
pride, guilt, embarrassment, shame
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why do these emotions develop later in life
require more sophisticated cognitive ability
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self conscious emotions help us what
behave in a socially appropriate/acceptable way
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we pursue behaviours that produce ______
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why is pride special
it is a universally recognised emotion
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we avoid behaviours that produce _______, ________ and ________
guilt, embarrassment and shame
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how do guilt and shame & embarrassment differ
guilt promotes apology and repair whereas embarrassment and shame promote distance and hiding
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which is more adaptive
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which is most harmful
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however, what can be argued
ALL emotions serve a social function
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what is evidence for this
when bowling, facial expression are more pronounced when turning around to an audience
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who believes in strongly and the emotion and social link
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what are his 4 main points
emotions are caused by social factors, emotions serve social/cultural functions, emotions are communicative, emotions have consequences for other people
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who made a model about the consequences for others
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what was it called
Emotions as social infomation model
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the emotions we express trigger what two things in others
an affective reaction and inferences
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however, the effect of that emotion depends on what
information processing and social relational factors
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what evidence that our emotions effect others
mood contagion
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mood contagion can be ______ or ______
positive or negatie
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give evidence for positive
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give evidence for negative
US students roomates, living with a depressed roomate are more likely to be upset
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who gave evidence for positive and negative
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what did they manipulate
positive or negative newsfeed
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what did they measure
positive or negative posts
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they found an effect but what
it was of small magnitude
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what hypothesis states facial expressions have an internal, as well as an external effect
facial feedback hypothesis
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in the classics study, participants found a carton _______ if they put the pen in their teeth and _____- when the pen was between their nose and lips
more amusing, less amusing
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this also has been found for what
body posture
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what did they manipulate
high or low power postures
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what did they measure
performance in job interview and hormones
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how does this hypothesis explain the process of mood contagion
we mimic the expression/posture of those around us, the facial and gesture feedback happens
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what is neurobiological evidence for this
Botox reduces your ability to understand other emotions and reduces your own
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however, contagion is selective, how?
we dont mimic people we dont like
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emotions are also transmitted through ____ and _____
groups and networks
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what is evidence for his
peoples happiness was not just related to their friends happiness but their friends, friends happiness
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what is this effect called
the ripple effect
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we ____ emotions and this can have ____ or _______ consquences
share, positive, negative
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there is also what type of sharing that is 75% common
secondary sharing
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the positive consquences tend to be what
short term
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through what
problem solving
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the negative consquences tend to be what
long term
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through what
does reduce emotion and may just heighten by reactivation of it
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define co-rumincation
discussing negative emotions
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what is co-rumincation linked with
depression but also closer freindship
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Gottman and Levenson could do what with co-rumincation
measure it in married couples and predict their chance of divorce with 93% accuracy
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what were the 3 most harmful emotional topics
criticsm, defensiveness stone walling, contempt
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


what do emotions do


have form and maintain social groups

Card 3


therefore the presence of emotions offer _________ and _________


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Card 4


who are evidence of this


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Card 5




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