Germany- Problems for the Weimar Republic

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The constitution
Proportional representation meant that there were lots of small parties. Coalition governments were unstable and it was hard to get agreement when partners wanted different things.
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The constitution. Part 2
This led to difficulties in getting laws passed which meant that suspending the constitution was often the only way.
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Treaty of Versailles
This was hated by Germans for harsh peace terms and Weimar politicians were blamed for signing it: they were branded as traitors. Germany had to pay reparations for war, which caused economic problems.
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Attacks from right: the Kapp Putsch
In March 1920, Kapp supporters seized power in Berlin while the army and police stood by. The Weimar government called on workers to strike and many did, so the Kapp Putsch failed.
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Attacks from the right: the Munich Putsch
In November 1923, Adolf Hitler, leader of the Nazi Party, attempted to seize power in Bavaria. The Putsch failed but Hitler's trial publicised his views.
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Hyperinflation (1923)
The government printed money to pay reperations, wages and so on, which meant that money quickly became worthless. Living conditions declined.
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French occupation of Ruhr
French troops occupied the Ruhr in January 1923 when Germany failed to pay reperations. German workers wrecked equipment, so the French couldn't make much money. The German economy was also wrecked.
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Attacks from left
The Spartacist uprising in January 1919 was defeated by the Weimar government with the help of the Freikorps.
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Bankruptcy (1923)
Germany spent all its gold reserves on the war, then lost wealth-making regions at Versailles, as well as having to pay reperations. By 1923 it was broke.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

This led to difficulties in getting laws passed which meant that suspending the constitution was often the only way.

Back

The constitution. Part 2

Card 3

Front

This was hated by Germans for harsh peace terms and Weimar politicians were blamed for signing it: they were branded as traitors. Germany had to pay reparations for war, which caused economic problems.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

In March 1920, Kapp supporters seized power in Berlin while the army and police stood by. The Weimar government called on workers to strike and many did, so the Kapp Putsch failed.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

In November 1923, Adolf Hitler, leader of the Nazi Party, attempted to seize power in Bavaria. The Putsch failed but Hitler's trial publicised his views.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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