Geography Unit 2: Population Dynamics

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World population growth...
Global population is growing dramatically, People fear that the world is going to become overpopulated, The growth of population is different around the world,
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World population growth...
Most developed countries have a stable or ageing population, Most developing countries have a rapidly increasing population
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Birth rate...
Is the number of babies born alive for every 1000 people in one year.
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Death rate...
Is the number of people who die for every 1000 people in one year.
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Natural Increase...
Is the number of people added to, or lost from the population for every 1000 people in one year.
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The continents of North America, Europe and Australasia...
Are experiencing population decline.
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The continents of South America, Africa and Asia...
Are experiencing population growth.
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Why are birth rates lower in MEDCs?
Wide access to birth control, expensive to raise, lower infant mortality, more working women so want a family later.
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Why are birth rates higher in LEDCs?
Little or no birth control, high infant mortality which encourages for more children, more children needed to work in family business/agriculture, religious or cultural reasons.
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Malawi...
Population is increading: high birth rates and youthful population, low life expectancy
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Malaysia...
Population is stable: reducing birth rate, higher life expectancy.
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Germany...
Population is in decline: very low birth rates, most people living to old age.
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Over time, why do death rates decline?
As a country develops, they can afford better medical care; greater access to inoculations; improved sanitation; better nutrition.
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Japan - an ageing/declining population...
Stage 4/5 of DTM
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Japan - an ageing/declining population...why?
People living longer because of healthcare, birth rates declining for past 40 years-women have children later and less people get married.
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Japan - an ageing/declining population...impacts?
Increased cost of pension, less tax for government because of less workers, increasing demand for nursing homes.
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Mexico - a youthful/increasing population...
Stage 2/3 of DTM
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Mexico - a youthful/increasing population...why?
Decreasing death rate because of good healthcare and vaccinations, high birth rate because of the tradition of large families, reduction in infant mortality.
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Mexico - a youthful/increasing population...impacts?
Increase in school places needed, not enough jobs leading to migration to USA, abortion has been made legal.
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Population Policies: China's One Child Policy - Anti-Natalists...
Limits urban population to have only one child per couple, rural population can have 2, people can have a license to have a second child but it costs a years wages.
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Population Policies: China's One Child Policy - Anti-Natalists...impacts?
Ageing population, the only child is spoilt, boys are preffered to girls so many girls get abandoned or illegally aborted, significantly lowered their population growth so less demand for resources.
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Population Policies: Estonia - Pro-Natalists...
Government introduced 'Mothers Salary' where women are paid to have children, working women get 15 months maternity leave, women who are not working receive $200 a month.
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Population Policies: Estonia - Pro-Natalists...impacts?
Fertility Rate has risen to an average of 1.5 children per woman, still below the replacement level but it is an improvement, government are now looking for other ways to increase people to have children.
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Migration Policies: USA
There are now 37 million foreign born USA residents, anyone who wishes to migrate to USA must obtain a visa, the majority of the illegal immigrants come from Mexico.
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Migration Policies: USA...advantages?
Immigrants are added to the work force and provide cheap labour, workers fill unskilled and low wage jobs, immigrants contribute lots of money to the US economy.
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Migration Policies: USA...disadvantages?
Services are strained in the USA, immigrants often live in their own communities and do not integrate into the American communities.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

World population growth...

Back

Most developed countries have a stable or ageing population, Most developing countries have a rapidly increasing population

Card 3

Front

Birth rate...

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Death rate...

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Natural Increase...

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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