Geography Restless Earth Case Studies

My own personal case studies I use for the Restless Earth or Natural Hazard topic

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  • Created by: Meggan
  • Created on: 01-11-13 20:30
What are the Alps?
Fold Mountain Range in Italy, Switzerland and France, caused by African Plate pushing against Eurasian Plate
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How have people adapted to the problems on the Alps?
1) Limited Communications - Lötschberg Tunnel 2) Steep Relief - Goats 3) Poor Soils - animal farming
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What are the main human activities on the Alps?
1) Tourism (100 million a year) 2) Farming (Goats and vineyards) 3) Hydro-electric power (60% of Switzerland's electricity) 4) Forestry (Scots Pine)
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What is the Montserrat eruption?
18th July 1995, Composite cone volcanic eruption in Soufriere Hills
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Primary Impacts:
1) 19 people died, 7 injured 2) 20 villages and 2/3 homes destroyed 3) Vegetation destroyed 4) Plymouth Airport destroyed
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Secondary Impacts:
1) Ash covered vegetation for 5 years 2) But improved soil fertility 3) Fires burnt down town centre police station 4) But improved tourism
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Immediate Responses:
1) Rescue teams sent out 2) Little Bay Port opened 3) Warnings broadcasted on radios 4) People evacuated to St. John's
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Long-Term Responses:
1) Churches converted to accommodation 2) Schools converted health centres 3) Nurses sent from St. Lucia 4) Montserrat Volcano Observatory 5) Treated water supplied
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What is the Kobe earthquake? (Rich country)
5:46am - 17th January 1995 Earthquake in Japan, 7 on the Richter scale, Philippine under Eurasian
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Primary Impacts:
1) 5000 died 2) Hansin Expressway collapsed 3) 130km Bullet Train damaged 4) Cranes collapsed
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Secondary Impacts:
1) Fires from broken gas pipes 2) No water/electricity for 6 months 3) 300,000 homeless
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Immediate Responses:
1) People evacuated 2) Bulldozers clearing fallen buildings 3) Rescue teams and fire services
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Long Term Responses:
1) City re-zoned with wider roads 2) Buildings re-built with more flexible frames 3) By July, infrastructure fully operational 4) One year later, 80% port back working
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What was the Port-Au-Prince earthquake? (Poor country)
16:53 - 12th January 2010 Earthquake in Haiti, 7 on Richter scale, North American and Caribbean conservative plates
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Primary Impacts:
1) 230,000 died 2) 3 main universities damaged 3) 30,000 buildings collapsed 4) Schools badly damaged
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Secondary Impacts:
1) 1 million homeless 2) Disease due to contaminated water and lack of doctors 3) Communications knocked out 4) Roads blocked for 10 days
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Immediate Responses:
1) US helicopters sent in 2) Other countries start raising money 3) Trucks came to clear dead bodies 4) Bahama medical teams
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Long Term Responses:
1) Senegalese offered land in Senegal to Haitians 2) British Red Cross raised £200,000 3) 1 year later, 1 million still homeless
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What was the Indian Ocean Tsumani?
26th December 2004, Tsunami off West coast of Indonesia, Thailand and Malaysia, 9.1 earthquake on Richter scale
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Primary Effects:
1) 230,000 died 2) 1.7 million homes destroyed 3) Infrastructure destroyed
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Secondary Effects:
1) 5-6 million hungry/thirsty 2) Damage to economy (lack of tourism and fishing) 3) Marine life destroyed
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Immediate Responses:
1) Oxfam & British Red Cross sent over medical teams, food and more 2) Ships and planes sent to help escort people outta there
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Long Term Responses:
1) Tsunami warning system put in 2) Disaster management plans made 3) Programmes for re-building houses started
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How have people adapted to the problems on the Alps?

Back

1) Limited Communications - Lötschberg Tunnel 2) Steep Relief - Goats 3) Poor Soils - animal farming

Card 3

Front

What are the main human activities on the Alps?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the Montserrat eruption?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Primary Impacts:

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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