Geography - Health

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  • Created by: Olivia
  • Created on: 19-04-13 09:11
Health is...
a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmary
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Morbidity is...
illness and the reporting of disease
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Mortality is...
The death of people
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How is mortality measured?
by a number of indices including death rate, infant mortality, case mortality and attack rate
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Attack rate is...
the number of cases of a disease diagnosed in an area, divided by the total population, over the period of an epidemic
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Infant mortality is...
the number of deaths of children under the age of 1 years expressed per 1000 live births per year
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Case mortality is...
the number of people dying from a disease divided by the number of those diagnosed as having the disease
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Crude death rate is...
the number of deaths per 1000 people in 1 year
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Where are the highest crude death rates?
in Sub-Saharan Africa
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How many people worldwide are living with HIV/AIDS?
more than 40 million
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How many people in Sub-Saharan Africa are living with HIV/AIDS?
25 million
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How many people in South East Asia are living with HIV/AIDS?
7 million
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How many people in India are living with HIV/AIDS?
over 5 million
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What does HIV/AIDS do to the body?
White blood cells are attacked and so breaks down the immune system
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What are 2 theories of how AIDS was created?
It was created by a chemical weapons lab or it evolved in Sub-Saharan Africa crossing from Chimpanzees
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How was HIV spread from Africa?
Due to modern developments such as international travel and blood transfusions
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4 ways you can get HIV/AIDS is...
exchange of bodily fluids during sexual intercourse, contaminated needles in intravenous drud use, contaminated blood transfusions or from mother to child during pregnancy
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MEDC spread of HIV/AIDS (pattern 1) ...
the spread is mainly between homosexual, bisexual and drug using communities
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LEDC spread of HIV/AIDS (pattern 2) ...
the spread is mainly between heterosexual contact.
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What is the ratio of women to men having HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa?
60:40
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Pattern 3 of the spread of HIV/AIDS ...
this was spread later in 1980 and was brought in by travellers and imported blood transfusions
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Where did pattern 3 of HIV/AIDS spread occur?
Eastern Europe, Asia, Middle East and North Africa
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A communicable disease is...
a disease that can be passed on to someone else
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An example of a communicable disease is...
HIV
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How many people are infected by HIV in Russia?
over 1 million
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How does HIV affect people socially?
discriminated against for having HIV, people with it can't do certain jobs
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How is HIV treated?
It can't be cured but is treated with drugs to help the immune system
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Short term social effects of HIV...
sufferers would be ill, discriminated against, lose relationships
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Long term social effects of HIV...
adults mainly get the disease so parent would have to be taken care of by children, may lose job and be unable to find another one
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Short term economic effects of HIV...
businesses effected by more absentees, reduced productivity
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Long term economic effects of HIV...
Parent with HIV unable to work so poverty for family, burden of extra care costs on the state so less money to spend on other things like developing
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Cancer is an example of a...
Non- communicable disease
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A non communicable disease is...
a disease that can't be spread between people
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Cancer is...
cells growing abnormally
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How many types of cancer are there?
Over 200
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Cancer is caused by...
faulty genes, a number of genes within the same cell need to be damaged before it becomes cancerous
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Cancer is caused by a combination of...
Genes and lifestyle
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What percentage of deaths are caused by non-communicable diseases?
60%
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1 in 8 deaths worldwide are caused by...
cancer
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Cancer survival rates in LEDC's are...
20-30%
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Cancer survival rates in MEDC's are...
60%
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How many American's die every year due to cancer?
560,000
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In America cancer is the...
2nd most common cause of death
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

illness and the reporting of disease

Back

Morbidity is...

Card 3

Front

The death of people

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

by a number of indices including death rate, infant mortality, case mortality and attack rate

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the number of cases of a disease diagnosed in an area, divided by the total population, over the period of an epidemic

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

Mr A Gibson

Clear definitions of relevant terminology and lots of information on HIV. Over 40 cards to test you.

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