GEOGRAPHY- population

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How can you control rapid population growth?
BIRTH CONTROL(free contraception, sex education, reducing birth control) IMMMIIGRATION LAWS(fewer people of child beraing age, reduce population growth)
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why might someone follow a policy?
CHINA: longer maternity leave, better housing, free education, paid paternity leave. so they don't: get fired, cut income, no free education/housing, fined, co-workers pressure an abortion(to not get fined themselves)
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what are the exceptions to the 'one child policy'?
rural area: if first child is a girl or disabled.(agriculture) if both parents are only children (elderly relatives), if one parent is disabled
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what are the impacts of an ageing population?
increase in taxes (less workers, more money for pensions and healthcare) economy doesn't grow (less money spent on businesses) healthcare strained,less children, no free time -stressed (elderly relatives), retirement age increased, less pension paid
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what are strategies to cope with an ageing population?
encourage larger families and immigration of young people (bigger workforce), higher retirement age, increasing taxes
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why might someone migrate?
PUSH FACTORS: (makes someone leave a country) e.g. unemployment, poor conditions, war, natural diaster. PULL FACTORS: (attract people to a place) e.g. job, higher salary, better quality of life
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what are the impacts of migration on the SOURCE country?
PROS: reduced demand of services, miney sent back by emigrants. CONS: labour shortage, skill shortage, ageing population
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what are the impacts of migration on the RECEIVING county?
PROS: increased labour force, more taxes for services. CONS: competition for jobs (tension), increased demand of services, not all money spent in host country( no growth of economy)
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Why does urbanisation occur in LEDC's?
more jobs in urban area ( more industries- larger workforce, better infastructure) People believe quality of life is better in the city(not always the case) shortage of services in rural areas.
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Why does urbanisation occur in MEDC's)
during industrial revolution, machines replaced labour workes, more jobs available in the city (factories) however people leave runned down inner cities to the country, but encouraged back for redevelopment
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what is a city split into?
CBD(central buisness district) INNER CITY( poor quality housing) SUBURBS( land is cheaper, middle-class families, close enough to commute, less crime and pollution) RURAL-URBAN FRINGE(urban and rural land use- factories and farms)
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urbanisation can lead to problems such as ...
1. shortage of good quality housing. 2. run down CBDs. 3.traffic congestion-pollution. 4. ethnic segregation
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Card 2

Front

why might someone follow a policy?

Back

CHINA: longer maternity leave, better housing, free education, paid paternity leave. so they don't: get fired, cut income, no free education/housing, fined, co-workers pressure an abortion(to not get fined themselves)

Card 3

Front

what are the exceptions to the 'one child policy'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what are the impacts of an ageing population?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what are strategies to cope with an ageing population?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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