Geography - Dynamic development

  • Created by: Bandito
  • Created on: 17-10-19 18:48
What is development?
When a country is improving it's living standards through better use of resources
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What is an EDC?
Emerging and developing countries
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What is an LIDC?
Low - income developing countries
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What is an AC?
Advanced countries
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What is quality of life?
The general wellbeing of individuals and societies, outlining negative and positive features of life
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What is brant line?
The divide between developed and developing countries, made in the 1980s
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What is the meaning of economic?
Money - goods and services
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What is the meaning of Social?
Improvement in human wellbeing
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What is the meaning of environmental?
Improvemnet in landscape and environment
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What is BRIC?
Large, rapidly developing economies e.g Brazil, Russia, India and China
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What is MINT?
Recent large, rapidly growing economies e.g Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria and Turkey
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What is GDP?
Gross domestic Product - how much money a country makes, usualyy over 1 year
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What is a choropleth map?
A density shading map - darker colours represent higher values
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What is the human development index?
Measurement of wealth using education (adult literacy rate), wealth (GDP) and health (life expectancy).
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What is life expectancy?
The average life span a person can expect to live to in a country
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What is infant mortality?
The number of children who die before their first birthday
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What is literacy rate?
The percentage of the population that can read and write
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What is colonalisation?
The action or process of setting among and establishing control over the idigenous people of an area
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What is landlocked?
A country that is surrounded by other countries - it has no coast e.g Ethiopia
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What are natural resources?
Materials or substances occurring in nature that can be expolited for economic gain.
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What are commodities?
A raw material or agricultural product that can be bought and sold such as copper and coffee.
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What is indpendence?
Freedom from outisde control or support - many colonial countries became independent from their colonial partners.
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What are the united nations?
An international organisation of countries set up in 1945, in succession to the league of nations, to promote international peace, security and cooperation.
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What is Transnational Corporation? (TNC)
A large company which operates in countries all over the world.
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What is infrastructure?
The basic structures and facilities needed for a country to operate - railways, roads, sewage, systems, electricity and water
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What is aid?
Help from one country to another
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What is bilateral aid?
Given by one country to another
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What is multilateral aid?
Given by multiple countries through international organisations like IMF
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What is poverty?
The state of being poor
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What is debt?
The state of owing money
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What is industry?
The manufacturing of goods from raw materials
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What are raw materials?
The basic material from which a product is made e.g coffee beans are the raw materials for a cup of coffee
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What is manufacturing?
Making things from raw materials
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What is a greenhouse gas?
A gas that contributes to the greenhouse effect by absorbing infrared radiation. For example, Carbon dioxide and Chlorofluorocarbons.
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What is climate change?
A change in statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (decades to millions of years)
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What is sustainable development?
Development that meets people's needs today without compromising their ability of future generations to meet their needs
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What is PPP?
Purchasing Power Parity - What you can buy for the same money in a country e.g. £1 will get you more in Indonesia than the UK.
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What is democracy?
A country where the people chose who governs them.
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What is civil war?
When groups of people from the same country fight.
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What are the Millenium Development Goals?
The eight international development goals that were following the Millenium summit of the United Nations in 2000
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What is Aid?
Aid with conditions - often with governments
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What is top-down aid?
Large scale aid is given to the government of a developing country so they can spend it on the projects needed.
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What is bottom-up aid?
Small scale projects target the people most in need of aid and are helped directly without any government interference. This is normally aid from charities
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What is the Happy Planet Index?
It measures the extent to which countries deliver loong, happy sustainable lives for the people who live in them
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What is standard of life?
What you have.
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What is quality of life?
Happiness and health e.g. clean water, relationships and money.
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What is birth rate?
The number of births per year per 1000 people.
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what is death rate?
The number of deaths per year per 1000 people
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What is population growth rate?
The difference between birth and death rate
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What is adult literacy?
The percentage of adult population who can read and write
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What is GNP per capita?
A measure of the amount of money a country makes from selling its products and services, divide by the total population and it is usually given in US dollars.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Emerging and developing countries


What is an EDC?

Card 3


Low - income developing countries


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Card 4


Advanced countries


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Card 5


The general wellbeing of individuals and societies, outlining negative and positive features of life


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