geography coastal management

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name five hard engineering management methods
sea walls, Groynes, rock Armour, gabions, revetments
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what is hard engineering
Hard engineering options tend to be expensive, short-term options. They may also have a high impact on the landscape or environment and be unsustainable.
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name 4 soft engineering coastal managements
beach replenishment, managed retreat, creating marsh land, dune regeneration
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Which type of wave causes erosion?
A destructive wave causes erosion.
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Which coastal feature is sometimes created when waves erode a headland?
A cave is sometimes created when waves erode a headland.
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Old Harry in Dorset is an example of a...
Old Harry is an example of a stack and can be found off the Foreland, a headland in the Isle of Purbeck.
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The distance a wave has traveled is called the:
The distance a wave has travelled is known as the fetch
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When a wave breaks on a beach, it is washed up the beach. This is called the:
A wave washing up a beach is called a swash.
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A constructive wave occurs when:
A constructive wave is created when the swash is stronger than the backwash.
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Waves bring with them bits of rock and sand that grind down the cliffs. This is called:
When the sand and rock in a wave grinds down a cliff, this is called abrasion
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Waves cause rocks and pebbles on the shore to smash into each other and break down. This is called:
When rocks and pebbles are broken down due to waves causing them to smash into each other, this is called attrition.
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Deposition is likely to occur when:
Deposition is likely to occur when constructive waves enter an area of shallow water or a sheltered area and where there is long-shore drift.
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what are the types of erosion
Hydraulic action, abrasion , attrition, solution
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Card 2

Front

what is hard engineering

Back

Hard engineering options tend to be expensive, short-term options. They may also have a high impact on the landscape or environment and be unsustainable.

Card 3

Front

name 4 soft engineering coastal managements

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Which type of wave causes erosion?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Which coastal feature is sometimes created when waves erode a headland?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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