Geography - Africa Revision

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What is child labour?
Child labour is when children go out and perform especially physical work.
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Is the pay good or bad for children on cocoa farms?
Children get payed a very low amount.
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What are the conditions like on a coca farm for a child?
The conditions are very poor. There are many injuries with little health care available. The children work long strenuous hours. They are away from their families for long periods of time and gedt very little pay for what they do.
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What does a concave population pyramid show?
The area/country has a high birth rate and high death rate.
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What does a convex population pyramid show?
The area/country has a low birth rate and a low death rate.
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Expansive/expanding population pyramid (triangle shape)
High death rate, high birth rate, short life expectancy.
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Stationary/stable population pyramid (rectangle shape)
Low death rate, low birth rate, long life expectancy.
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Contractive/declining population pyramid (wide at top, narrow at bottom)
Low birth rate, shrinking population, long life expectancy
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What is going to happen with the changes in rainfall?
The dryer areas will become dryer and the wetter areas would become wetter - the two extremes
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Disease
Malaria is a water-borne disease - it thrives in water. More malaria in central Africa and rainforest areas causing more death.
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Food insecurity
Malnutrition and famine. Deforistation is adding to vulnerability - leaving soil bare. Central Africa has decreased crop growth. The dryer areas stay the same. Little improvement in crop growth.
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Why is Africa so vulnerable?
Their main source of food and income is farming. Lack of education. Little/no connection with technology. Lack of health care.
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Impacts
Lake Chad has shrunk. 75-250 million people have limited access to water. 50% of crops by 2020. Shorter growing season.
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What is the climate?
The climate is the adverage course or condition of the weather at a place usually over a period of years as exhibited by temperature, wind, velocity and precipitation.
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Examples of biomes in Africa
Desert, savanna, rainforest, steppe, mediteranian
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Parts of a population pyramid and where they go?
Male (left), female (right), title (top), even scale (centre), axis titles (along the bottom)
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Popular places for tourists (in order)
Morocco, South Africa, Tunisia, Algeria, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Namibia
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What is globalisation?
Globalisation is the world becoming increasingly interconnected due to increasing trade and improved transport and technology
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Children get payed a very low amount.

Back

Is the pay good or bad for children on cocoa farms?

Card 3

Front

The conditions are very poor. There are many injuries with little health care available. The children work long strenuous hours. They are away from their families for long periods of time and gedt very little pay for what they do.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The area/country has a high birth rate and high death rate.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The area/country has a low birth rate and a low death rate.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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