Gender - The Role of Genes and Hormones

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Tamsin
  • Created on: 13-04-14 20:06
23 pairs of chromosomes each, chromosomes contain genes that carry instructions, sex chromosomes determine an individuals sex
1 of 11
influence development of genitalia and the brain
2 of 11
brain development
different in males and females, girls better at social skills, differences caused by testosterone levels
3 of 11
Swaab 1997
found the sexually dimorphic nucleus in the hypothalamus was 2 x the size in males
4 of 11
Dabs et al 1995
found that violent offenders had higher testosterone levels than non violent offenders
5 of 11
Coates et al 2008
found that financial traders with higher testosterone levels took greater risks
6 of 11
Klaver et al
found that higher levels of oxytocin are linked to improved memory for faces, and women have higher levels suggesting they are more sociable
7 of 11
Gorski et al 1985
injected female rats with testosterone for a period prior to birth. found that the sex hormones had both psychological and behavioural effects
8 of 11
issues of Gorski animal experiment
can't extrapolate the findings to humans, as hormones in one species (the rats) may have different functions in another (humans)
9 of 11
Klinefelters syndrome
XXY, biologically male but extra X chromosome. results in underdeveloped genitals, lack of body hair, poor language skills and a passive temperament
10 of 11
Turners syndrome
XO, biologically female but missing X chromosome. results in short body, webbing at neck, poor spatial and mathematical skills
11 of 11

Other cards in this set

Card 2




influence development of genitalia and the brain

Card 3


brain development


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Swaab 1997


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Dabs et al 1995


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Gender resources »