Gender Studies

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Genes and Hormones
David Reimer - born a boy raised a girl, depressed and unhappy, Diamond - injected female rats with testosterone, male like genitals, mate with females, Gorski - repeated Diamond, SDN of male, Young - pre natal exposure, monkeys display rough play
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Biosocial
David Reimer, Smith and Lloyd - dressed babies as opposite sex, boys given squeaky hammer, girls given doll. Young - monkeys display rough play
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Biosocial - Gender Dysphoria
Zhou - 6 male to female transexuals, BSTc female sized, Beautiful Boys - GD boys rated more attractive and more likely to be called beautiful by mothers
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Empathising-Systemising
Connellan and Batkiti - face or mobile, boys looked at mobile girls looked at face, Baren-Cohen and Wheelright - EQ and SQ, men more on SQ women on EQ with some variation
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Parental Investment
Buss - men value attractiveness women value earning power/occupational status, Anderson - fathers most willing to pay college tuition if living with mother, do not discriminate against step children
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Social Influences
Hagan and Keubli - fathers moniter daughters closest, Friedman - mothers use more counter-stereotypical words with daughters, Evans ad Davies - books, girls passive boys aggressive, Bigler - gender group displayed more stereotypes
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Cultural Influences
Wood and Eagly - men hunt women care for children, Margaret Mead - Tchambuli, women aggressive, Mundugumor, both aggressive, Gewertz - Tchambuli, men aggressive, Cook - women aggressive when men are away
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Kohlberg's Gender Consistency Theory
Slab and Frey - age 3=no concepts, age 4=identity, age 5=all concepts, Martin and Little - 3-5 year olds, no stability but strong stereotypes, Cross cultural Research - stages develop in order suggestes
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Martin and Halverson's Gender Schema Theory
Martin and little - No stability, strong stereotypes, Martin, Eisenbud and Rose - labelled toys, opposite gender avoided opposite sex toys, Eisenburg - own toy choice does not involve sex orientated thinking
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Card 2

Front

Biosocial

Back

David Reimer, Smith and Lloyd - dressed babies as opposite sex, boys given squeaky hammer, girls given doll. Young - monkeys display rough play

Card 3

Front

Biosocial - Gender Dysphoria

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Empathising-Systemising

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Parental Investment

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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