Forum Augustum

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When was the Forum built
Started 28BC, after the Battle of Actium, dedicated in 2BC, taking 26 years to build
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Why was the Forum built
Suetonius tells us that the reason the Forum was built was because of a rising population that meant a rise in the number of law cases. But it could also be because he promised to avenge Caesar, and build the Temple to Mars Ultor inside the Forum
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Where was it built
Next to Caesar's Forum, making his link to Caesar kept strong in the people of Rome's minds
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Walls
The walls of the Forum were built very high to stop the spread of fire from the suburban slums that it was next to - Pepperino stone that doesn't burn
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What is the base and columns made of?
Whilst the base is made of turfa, it is clad in Carrara marbel, and the columns are made of marble - "I found Rome built in bricks, and leave her clothed in marble" - Suetonius
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Capitol on columns?
The capitols of the columns were inspired by the Corinthians, some being inspired by the Pegasi - inspiration from Greece - shows the extent of the empire
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Second story of columns
Duplications of the Caryatides on the Erechtheion - linking to the golden age of Athens
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Statues in the Temple of Mars
Cult statues in the temple of mars of Venus and Mars
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Portrait gallery along the sides of the Forum
108 heads of important Roman men, including Cicero and Pompey, as well as mythical figures such as Romulus - propaganda of his lineage, and possible attempt at saying he was "rrestoring the republic", as it was reminding Rome of all the great men
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Statue in the centre of the Forum
Equestrian statue of Augustus in the middle - first thing anyone would see as they enter the forum
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Card 2

Front

Why was the Forum built

Back

Suetonius tells us that the reason the Forum was built was because of a rising population that meant a rise in the number of law cases. But it could also be because he promised to avenge Caesar, and build the Temple to Mars Ultor inside the Forum

Card 3

Front

Where was it built

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Walls

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the base and columns made of?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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