Formation of Relationships

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  • Created by: caitlin
  • Created on: 19-05-14 09:50
Reward/Need Satisfaction Model
We may form relationships for selfish reasons. R/N suggest we form relationships to recieve rewards and positive reinforcemnet from others that satisfy our social needs. Recieving rewards and being satisfied motivates us to stay in a relationship.
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Reward and Punishment
Rewarding stimuli produces a postive feeling, where as punishment produces negative feelings. Bryne and Clore suggest we enter into a relationship because the presence of someone is directly associated with positive reinforcement increasing attractio
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Attraction through association
If we met someone when in a good mood we are more inclined to like them, than if we met them when in a bad mood. The NS can be positively valued because of their association with a pleasent experience
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Griffitt and Guay
P's were evaluated on a creative task by an experiemtner then asked how much they liked the experimenter. Highest ratings was when they were positively evaluated and lowest when negatively rated.
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Grifftt and Guay part 2
They conducted another experiment, when in the same conditions they were asked to rate an onlooker. Again in the positively evaluated conditition they rated the onlooker more positively.
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Aron et al (physiological)
p’s who measured high on self report studies about romantic love also showed strong activity in particular parts of the brain. (ventral tegmental) early intense love was linked to high levels of dompamine in the subcortical reward region of the brain
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Cate et al
asked 337 individuals to assess their current relationships in terms of reward levels and satisfaction. Results showed that reward level was superior to all other factors in determining relationship satisfaction.
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Cultural Difference
Non western relationships are less focused on indivudal reward and more focused on the needs of others
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Gender Difference
women have been found to want to meet the needs of other more then men
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Reductionist
relationship broken down into stimulus and response
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Deterministic
Associations may be made outside of their control, influencing who they like
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Cates study...
Cates’ study only considers receiving reward where HAYS found people gained satisfaction from giving as well as receiving.
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Lacks mundane realism/ Ecological validity
Most studies are conducted in a lab so doesn’t show the principles in real life
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Rewarding stimuli produces a postive feeling, where as punishment produces negative feelings. Bryne and Clore suggest we enter into a relationship because the presence of someone is directly associated with positive reinforcement increasing attractio

Back

Reward and Punishment

Card 3

Front

If we met someone when in a good mood we are more inclined to like them, than if we met them when in a bad mood. The NS can be positively valued because of their association with a pleasent experience

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

P's were evaluated on a creative task by an experiemtner then asked how much they liked the experimenter. Highest ratings was when they were positively evaluated and lowest when negatively rated.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

They conducted another experiment, when in the same conditions they were asked to rate an onlooker. Again in the positively evaluated conditition they rated the onlooker more positively.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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