Forensic Psychology

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Holmberg (2012)
20 different manuals on how to interrogate
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Baldwin (1993)
600 tapes, suspects were cooperative. Interviewers assumes guilt an had a lack of structure/planning
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Holmberg and Christian (2002)
Dominant interviews = denials, humanitarian interviews = confessions
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Kassin and Sukel (1997)
Even inadmissible confessions affects
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Kassin and Keichel (1996)
ALT key study
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Lindbergh
200 confessions
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Central Park 5
coerced false confessions
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Paul Ingrham
coerced internalized false confessions
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Depaulo (2003)
reliable cues to lying are hard t come by
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Kalver, Lee and Hart (2007)
Offenders showed no visible change when lying and psychopaths spoke fast and with more words and gestures
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Bond and Depaulo (2006)
Lay = 54%, Expert = 45-60%
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Kebbel (1998)
51% said witness testimony major lead in investigations
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Huff (2002)
79% of wrongful convictions
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Simons (2011)
60% of lay people believe memory is like a video camera, 50% believe memories for events do not change
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Loftus and Palmer (1974)
Hit vs Smashed, misleading questions and integration into memory
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Dexter (1990)
Confidence is seductive, 80 % vs 100% confidence
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Kebbel and Wagstaff (1990)
Factors that impact on witness testimony
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Freire (2004)
Replacement in similar clothing
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Fisher (1987)
Standard interviews and enhanced cog interviews
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Geishman (1984)
Cognitive interviews
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Kebbel and Wagstaff (1998)
90% said it did give more info but 95% said it took too long. Certain aspects more useful that others
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Kebbell (99 and 2004)
Found witnesses do give accurate information but lawyers tend to use more difficult questions to discredit them as a witness.
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Stabblay (2005)
Impact of pretrial information, suggests a change in venue. Asking them to discount does not work unless a reason is given
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Thomas (2010)
26% sais they saw info on the internet, 12% said they looked for such info. Comprehension, 51% at nottingham, other venues although most said it was easy to understand over 30% didn't actually fully grasp the legal jargon
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Vicky Pryce
Jury had to be dismissed on groups of lack of understanding
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Dexter (1990)
Confidence is seductive
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Cornish (1973)
Sex differences
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Asch (1952)
Conformity
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Nethem (1983)
Conformity in jurors, compensation
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Pennington and Hastie (1991)
Story model, reasoning from and about
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Gershoff (2002)
Corpal punishment, decreased relationship, increased delinquency
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Doob and Webster (2003)
60 robbers, deterrence
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Operation Ceasefire Boston
Focused deterrence, worked very well
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Donohue and Wolfers (2007)
Canada murder rates consistently lower than US, against death penalty
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Gresham (2011)
Flynn effect and the death penalty, increased by 0.3 points per year.
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Hobenson (2009)
Child *********** guidelines, often go off teh guidelines when it comes to severity
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Pease and Sampson (1977)
Sentence longer if expressed in years than in months
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Langan (2002)
60% reoffend in next 3 years
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Martinsson (1974)
Nothing works principle
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Lipsey (1992)
400 studies, 64% show positive effects of treatments. Counselling and skill orientated coming out best
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Grendreu (1995)
Effective treatments were usually more intensive, targeted dynamic crimogenic needs of the individual and more rewards than punishment. Those that did not work were usually more around punishment theories
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Postorsino (2003)
Scared straight, 2x more likely to offend
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Yee (2002)
CBA, 30% reduction in reoffending
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Marshall (2006)
'Bill' olfactory aversion therapy and directed masterbation
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Howwitt (2002)
Victim empathy work and fantasy modification
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Dutton (1997)
6% recidivism ate after anger therapy
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Criminal Justice Act (2003)
Sentence can be extended by 8 years
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Sepjak (1984)
Psychologists =.17 accuracy
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Denevick (2000)
Confirmation bias, illusionary correlation and poor feedback
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Card 2

Front

Baldwin (1993)

Back

600 tapes, suspects were cooperative. Interviewers assumes guilt an had a lack of structure/planning

Card 3

Front

Holmberg and Christian (2002)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Kassin and Sukel (1997)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Kassin and Keichel (1996)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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