F212- Biology Diseases

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  • Created by: Becky
  • Created on: 19-04-13 17:11
Health
A state of mental, physical and social well being, not just the absence of disease
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Disease
A departure from good health caused by a malfunction of the mind or body
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Parasite
An organism that lives in or on another living thing, causing harm to its host
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Pathogen
An organism that causes disease
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Transmission
The way in which a parasitic microorganism travels from one host to another
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World Health Organisation (WHO)
The specialised agency for health, aiming for the highest possible level of health
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Primary Defences
Those that attempt to prevent pathogens from entering the body
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Immune Response
The specific response to a pathogen, which involves the action of lymphocytes and the production of antibodies
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Antigens
Molecules that stimulate an immune response
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Antibodies
Protein molecules that can identify and neutralise antigens
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Cell Signalling
The communication between cells that allows effective coordination of a response
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Memory Cells
Cells that circulate in the blood after an immune response, speeding up the response by any subsequent attacks of the same pathogen
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Lymphocytes
White blood cells that circulate in the blood and lymph
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Vaccination
A deliberate exposure to antigenic material, which activates the immune system to make an immune response and provide immunity
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Carcinogens
Chemicals that cause cancer
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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
A combination of diseases including chronic bronchitis and emphysema
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Atherosclerosis
The deposition of fatty substances in the walls of the arteries
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Cardiovascular Disease
A disease of the heart or circulatory system
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Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
A disease of the heart caused by malfunction of the coronary arteries
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Stroke
The death of part of the brain due to lack of blood flow and subsequent oxygen deficiency
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Epidemiology
The study of the distributionof disease in populations, and the factors that influence its spread
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A departure from good health caused by a malfunction of the mind or body

Back

Disease

Card 3

Front

An organism that lives in or on another living thing, causing harm to its host

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

An organism that causes disease

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The way in which a parasitic microorganism travels from one host to another

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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