Explanations for Forgetting

One explanation of forgetting is retrieval failure. What does this mean?
When a person forgets the information due to the absence of cues
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One type of retrieval failure is context dependant forgetting. What does this mean?
When a person forgets the information due to the absence of external environmental cues
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Name one strength of retrieval failure, particularly context dependant forgetting, as an explanation for forgetting.
Godden and Baddeley - deep sea divers. Found it easier to recall the list of words when the recall enviro matched the initial context. If they didn't match, the recall acc was 40% lower
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Name another strength of retrieval failure, particularly context dependant forgetting, as an explanation for forgetting.
Abernethy provides research support for context dependant forgetting - when the content was tested by the same instructor in the same room the participants memories were better. This study has high external validity
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One type of retrieval failure is state dependant forgetting. What does this mean?
When a person forgets the information due to the absence of internal cues
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Name one strength of retrieval failure, particularly state dependant forgetting, as an explanation of forgetting
Miles and Hardman ound that people who learned a list of words while exercising on an exercise bike remembered them better when exercising rather than at rest. This supports the role of state dependant cues.
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Name another strength of retrieval failure, particularly state dependant forgetting, as an explanation of forgetting
Goodwin asked male volunteers to remember a list of words when they were drunk or sober. asked to recall after 24 hrs, some sober and others got drunk again. recall suggests info learnt drunk is more available in the same state later
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One explanation of forgetting Is interference. What does this mean?
People forget because two pieces of information confuse eachother.
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One type of interference is retroactive interference. What does this mean?
When new information interferes with old information
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One type of interference is proactive interference. What does this mean?
When old information interferes with new information.
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Name one strength of interference as an explanation for forgetting.
McGough and Mcdonald found that when the gave ps 2 word lists and the 2nd list was similar to the 1st, they recalled the 1st list with a reduced acc of 12%
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How does Baddely criticise McGough and McDonald?
The word lists are too similar and are therefore not representative of a real life situation. Lack external validity
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Card 2

Front

One type of retrieval failure is context dependant forgetting. What does this mean?

Back

When a person forgets the information due to the absence of external environmental cues

Card 3

Front

Name one strength of retrieval failure, particularly context dependant forgetting, as an explanation for forgetting.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name another strength of retrieval failure, particularly context dependant forgetting, as an explanation for forgetting.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

One type of retrieval failure is state dependant forgetting. What does this mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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