Euthanasia

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  • Created by: Nicole
  • Created on: 26-05-16 20:31
What is euthanasia?
the ending of life because a person is in pain and is suffering
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What is Voluntary euthanasia?
when a persons death happens with their consent without coercion
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What is non-voluntary euthanasia?
done without consent of patient e.g. is the patient is in a coma
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What is Involuntary euthanasia?
done against the wishes of the patient
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What is Passive euthanasia?
stopping doing something (eating/ drinking/ receiving treatment) so the person eventually dies
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What is Active euthanasia?
doing something deliberate to end a persons life e.g. pulling the plug on life support, taking pills
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What are the four main ethical issues surrounding euthanasia?
1)Sanctity of life 2)personhood 3)Quality of life 4) autonomy
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Case studies for euthanasia: Quality of life
DANIEL JAMES- young rugby player, paralysed, chose to die at Dignitas. TONY NICKLINSON- locked-in syndrome after a stroke, refused food and treatment for pneumonia
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Case studies for euthanasia: Autonomy
NAN MAITLAND- 84 year old chose to die at Dignitas rather than suffer a 'dwindling old age'
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How would Christian ethics apply to euthanasia?
NO/YES because euthanasia is linked to suicide, against God's plan and will, sanctity of life should be preserved BUT situation ethics may say it is the most loving thing to do
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How would Natural Law apply to euthanasia?
NO/YES because it goes against the primary precept of preservation of life, taking life is intrinsically wrong, nature should take its course BUT doctrine of double effect, patient can refuse treatment
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How would Utilitarianism apply to euthanasia?
YES/NO because rejects sanctity of life, focuses on quality of life- pleasure vs pain, Mill stresses autonomy BUT patients interests are minority, doctors and family is majority- greatest good
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How would Kantian ethics apply to euthanasia?
NO because people ends not means, patient has moral duty to family and friends, doctors have duty to sustain life, decisions must be made using reason and should be objective, euthanasia is hard to be universalised
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is Voluntary euthanasia?

Back

when a persons death happens with their consent without coercion

Card 3

Front

What is non-voluntary euthanasia?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is Involuntary euthanasia?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is Passive euthanasia?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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