ethnocentrism (issues and debates)

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  • Created by: katie
  • Created on: 30-05-15 21:34
define ethnocentrism
using your own culture to judge behaviour of people from other cultures
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define cultural bias
ethnocentrism leads to cultural bias which is when researchers assume that the norms and values of their culture are 'normal' everywhere
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what is the predominant group studied in psychology
white males from the USA
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how is the DSM ethnocentric?
it is biased towards people from western cultures
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evaluation: findings from one culture cannot be applied to another culture
e.g. hearing voices = schizophrenia in UK but in Rastafarian tribes is a sign of being with God
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evaluation: emic/etic concepts
etic = behaviour considered to be culturally generic/assumes behaviour is similar cross-culturally. emic= assumes behaviour can only be defined from within the specific culture being studied: behaviour is culturally specific
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evaluation: how to tell if being ethnocentric?
most psychologists try to be as culturally neutral as possible but it is impossible to tell when you are being ethnocentric
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evaluation: Milgram
his research has been carried out cross-culturally and similar results have been found in all cultures suggesting there are some studies unaffected by ethnocentrism
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define cross-cultural study
research done across cultures to see if a behaviour is universal and these studies must be carefully interpreted because of our tendency to be ethnocentric
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define cultural bias

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ethnocentrism leads to cultural bias which is when researchers assume that the norms and values of their culture are 'normal' everywhere

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what is the predominant group studied in psychology

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how is the DSM ethnocentric?

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evaluation: findings from one culture cannot be applied to another culture

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